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Relationship between Soil Management Methods and Soil Chemical Properties in Protected Cultivation
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 Title & Authors
Relationship between Soil Management Methods and Soil Chemical Properties in Protected Cultivation
Kang, Yun-Im; Lee, In-Bog; Par), Jin-Myeon; Kang, Yong-Gu; Kim, Seung-Heui; Ko, Hyeon-Seok; Kwon, Joon-Kook;
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Various cultural practices have been promoted as management options for enhancing soil quality and health. The use of soil management methods can cause changes in fertility by affecting soil chemical properties. This study aimed to evaluate interactions between soil chemical properties and soil management methods in protected cultivation, and to classify soil management methods that similarly affect soil chemical properties. Water-logging and irrigation reduced soil pH and available content. Application of animal manures has a positive effect on levels of organic matter, Av., K, Zn, and Cu. The electrical conductivites tened to be low in the application of organic amendments, including rice and wood residues. Deeper plowing caused a reduction in Ca content. Practicing soil nutrient-considering fertilization and fertigation did not exert an influence on nutrient element contents. In a cluster analysis of the soil management methods according to major nutrients, low similarities were found with deeper plowing and crop rotation with rice in comparison with other practices. In a cluster analysis by minor nutrient characteristics, crop rotation and application of animal manures and rice residues were linked at a high Ward's distance, while other practices were found to be relatively low distinct. Each soil management method has a similar or different effect on soil chemical properties. These results suggest the necessity of establishing limits and standards according to the effects of soil management methods on soil chemical properties for economic soil practices.
Cluster analysis;Protected cultivation;Continuous cropping;Soil chemical property;Soil management;
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