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Effect of Phytochelatin Synthase Expression on Degradation of Fungicide Tolclofos-methyl in Mutant Plant and Transformed yeast
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 Title & Authors
Effect of Phytochelatin Synthase Expression on Degradation of Fungicide Tolclofos-methyl in Mutant Plant and Transformed yeast
Yoon, Ha-Im; Kim, Jang-Eok; Shin, Jae-Ho; Kim, Jeong-Hoe; Lee, Sang-Man;
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Phytochelatins (PCs) are small-sized peptides synthesized by PC synthase (PCS) using glutathione (GSH) as a substrate, and they play an important role in the detoxification of toxic heavy metals in plants, fission yeast, and other living organisms. Recently, it has been suggested that PCS is also involved in degradation of some xenobiotics including monobromobimane. PCS cleaves the Gly residue from GSH-xenobiotics conjugates resulting in -Glu-Cys-xenobiotics, and this is to degraded further. Therefore, our research is focus on whether PCS is also involved in degradation of tolclofos-methyl, an important pesticide which has been used in ginseng cultivated areas. Heterologous expression of Arabidopsis PCS confers tolerance to tolclofos-methyl in yeast. Furthermore, PCS-deficient Cad1-3 Arabidopsis mutant showed high sensitivity to tolclofos-methyl compared with wild-type plants. These results imply that PCS is involved in degradation of tolclofos-methyl as other xenobiotics.
Ginseng;glutathione;pesticide;phytochelatin synthase;xenobiotics;
 Cited by
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