Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Antifungal Properties of Rhizopus oligosporus Against Apple Anthracnose Fungi
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Antifungal Properties of Rhizopus oligosporus Against Apple Anthracnose Fungi
Bajpai, Vivek K.; Choi, Seak-Won; Kang, Sun-Chul;
  PDF(new window)
This study was carried out to assess the antifungal potential of R. oligosporus and its ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract against the fungal pathogens causing anthracnose disease in apple fruits using disc diffusion, antagonistic effect and morphological abnormalities in fungal mycelia. The percentage of inhibition of antifungal effect of the ethyl acetate extract (5 ) of the R. oligosporus against C. acutatum KACC 40848, C. gloeosporioides KACC 40897, C. higginsianum KACC 40806, C. orbiculare KACC 40808, C. coccodes KACC 40008, C. musae KACC 40947, C. boninense KACC 40893, C. liliacearum KACC 40981, C. caudatum KACC 41028 and Colletotrichum sp. KACC 40811 was found to be 44.4, 35.5, 40, 31.1, 33.3, 37.7, 40, 51.1, 28.8 and 28.8%, respectively. Also the fungus R. oligosporus showed potential antagonistic effect of antifungal activity against the tested pathogens of Colletotrichum spp. Further, R. oligosporus had a potential detrimental effect on the morphology of the tested fungi of Colletotrichum spp. such as wrinkle abnormalities, abnormal cell formation, lysis of mycelium, empty cell formation, distorted cell formation and breakage of the mycelium. These findings strongly support the role of R. oligosporus to serve as a potential antifungal agent to control plant pathogenic fungi causing anthracnose disease in apple fruits.
Antagonism;Antifungal activity;Anthracnose fungi;Colletotrichum spp;Rhizopus oligosporus;
 Cited by
Nutrition to Reduce Cancer Risk (NRCR), 2008. The Stanford Cancer Center (SCC).

Boyer, J. and Liu, R.H. 2004. "Apple phytochemicals and their health benefits". Nutrition Journal, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853-7201 USA.

Sharma, R. 2005. Improve your health with Apple, Guava, Mango. Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd. pp. ISBN 8128809245.

Apples Keep Your Family Healthy (AKYFH), 2008. Washington State Apple Advertising Commission.

Lee, K.W., Lee, S.J., Kang, N.J., Lee, C.Y., and Lee, H.J. (2004) Effects of phenolics in Empire apples on hydrogen peroxide-induced inhibition of gap-junctional intercellular communication. Biofactors, 21, 361-365. crossref(new window)

Lee, K.W., Kim, Y.J., Kim, D.O., Lee, H.J., and Lee, C.Y. (2003) Major phenolics in apple and their contribution to the total antioxidant capacity. J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 6516-6520. crossref(new window)

IAPSC (1985) Monilinia fructicola. Distribution Maps of Major Crop Pests and Diseases in Africa No. 306. IAPSC, Yaounde, Cameroon, South Africa.

Deacon, J.W. (1997) Modern Mycology. Blackwell Scientific, Oxford, UK.

Muirhead, I.F., and Gratitude, R. (1986) Mango diseases, Proceedings of the First Australian Mango Research Workshop Cairns, November 26-30, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), pp. 248-252.

Dodd, J.C., Prusky, D., and Jeffries, P. (1997). Fruit diseases. In: R.E. Litz, Editor, The Mango: Botany, Production and Uses, CAB International, UK, pp. 257-280.

Handoyo, T., and Morita, N. (2006). Structural and functional properties of fermented soybean (Tem-peh) by using Rhizopus oligosporus. Int. J. Food Prop., 9, 347-355. crossref(new window)

Vatten, D.A., Lin, Y.T., Labbe, R.G., and Shetty, K. (2004) Antimicrobial activity against selected food-borne pathogens by phenolic antioxidants enriched in cranberry pomace by solid-state bioprocessing using the food grade fungus Rhizopus oligosporus. Proc. Biochem., 39, 1939-1946. crossref(new window)

Duru, M..E., Cakir, A., Kordali, S., Zengin, H., Har-mandar, M., Izumi, S., and Hirata, T. (2003) Chemical composition and antifungal properties of essential oils of three Pistacia species. Fitoterapia, 74, 170-176. crossref(new window)

Soytong, K., Kanokmedhakul, S., Kukongviriyapan, V., and Isobe, M. (2001) Application of Chaetomium species as new broad spectrum biological fun-gicide for plant diseases control. Fungal Diver., 7, 1-15.

Meneses, E.A., Durango, D.L., and Garcia, C.M. (2009) Antifungal activity against postharvest fungi by extracts from Colombian propolis. Quim. Nova, 32, 2011-2017. crossref(new window)

Taechowisan, T., Chuaychot, N., Chanaphat, S., Wanbanjob, A., and Tantiwachwutikul, P. (2009) Antagonistic effect of Streptomyces sp. SRM1 on Colletotrichum musae. Biotechnol., 8, 86-92. crossref(new window)

Jeon, H.S., Lokos, L., Han, K.S., Ryu, J.A., Kim, J.A., Koh, Y.J., and Hur, J.S. (2009) Isolation of lichenforming fungi from Hungarian lichens and their antifungal activity against fungal pathogens of hot pepper anthracnose. Plant Pathol., 25, 38-456. crossref(new window)

Soytong, K., Srinon, W., Rattanacherdchai, K., Kanok-medhakul, S., and Kanokmedhakul, K. (2005) Appli-cation of antagonistic fungi to control anthracnose disease of grape. J. Agric. Biotechnol., 1, 33-41.

Kefialew, Y., and Ayalew, 1. (2008) Postharvest bio-logical control of anthracnose (Colletotrichum gloeospori-oides) on mango (Mangifera indica). Postharv. Biol. Technol., 50, 8-11. crossref(new window)