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Control of Green Peach Aphid (Myzus Persicae) by Combination of Plant Oil Formulations and Low-dosed Imidacloprid
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 Title & Authors
Control of Green Peach Aphid (Myzus Persicae) by Combination of Plant Oil Formulations and Low-dosed Imidacloprid
Yang, You Ri; Kim, Seon-Hwa; Park, Myung-Ryeol; Kim, Ik-Soo; Kim, In-Seon;
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 Abstract
Aphids are one of the major pests in agricultural crops. A number of synthetic pesticides have been used for control of aphids in agriculture, but increasing public concerns over their adverse effects on the environment have required more environmentally-friendly methods for pest management. In this study, we examined plant oil formulations for the control of green peach aphid (Myzus persicae). Oil formulations were prepared by hydrolyzing the plant oils in ethanolic KOH solution and diluted at the rate of 1:500 for aphid control. The oil formulations showed aphid mortalities ranging from 24.44 to 43.33% in vitro. Significantly increased aphid mortalities were observed by the treatment of oil formulations combined with low-dosed imidacloprid. No significant difference in the aphid mortality was observed between the oil formulations. Mass spectrometry analyses of aphids treated with the low dosedimidacloprid plus the plant oil formulations detected similar concentrations of imidacloprid between the treatments. In field trial bioassays against aphids, significantly decreased aphid population were observed in the pepper plants treated with soybean oil formulation combined with the low-dosed imidacloprid, while aphid population dramatically increased in the pepper plants treated with the low-dosed imidacloprid alone. These results suggested that the plant oil formulations can be used as an environmentally-friendly method for enhancing the insecticidal effectiveness, which may play a role in reducing the use of synthetic pesticide in agriculture.
 Keywords
Aphid;Imidacloprid;Insecticide;Organic farming;Plant oil;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
불가사리 추출물의 복숭아혹진딧물(Myzus Persicae) 살충활성,장자영;이솔;정이영;최은현;조욱희;양시영;서정미;김인선;

한국환경농학회지, 2011. vol.30. 2, pp.173-178 crossref(new window)
2.
파프리카 시설재배지에서 약제 살포방법에 의한 해충방제 효과와 최적 살포함량,진나영;이유경;이보람;전준학;김유섭;서미자;임치환;윤영남;유용만;

농약과학회지, 2014. vol.18. 4, pp.350-357 crossref(new window)
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Pest Control Effect and Optimal dose by Pesticide Dispersion Spray Method in the Paprika Cultivation, The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science, 2014, 18, 4, 350  crossref(new windwow)
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Aphicidal Activity of Starfish (Asterina pectinifera) Extracts against Green Peach Aphid (Myzus Persicae), Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 2011, 30, 2, 173  crossref(new windwow)
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