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Reconstructing Atmospheric CO2 Concentration Using Its Relationship with Carbon Isotope Variations in Annual Tree Ring of Red Pine
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 Title & Authors
Reconstructing Atmospheric CO2 Concentration Using Its Relationship with Carbon Isotope Variations in Annual Tree Ring of Red Pine
Choi, Woo-Jung; Lee, Kye-Han; Lee, Sang-Mo; Lee, Seung-Heon; Kim, Han-Yong;
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Carbon isotope ratio (, expressed as ) of tree ring can be proxy of atmospheric concentration ([]) due to the inter-correlation between atmospheric [], of atmospheric , and of plant tissue that assimilates atmospheric . This study was conducted to investigate if of tree ring of Pinus densiflora in polluted area may show a lower value than that in unpolluted area and to explore the possibility of reconstructing atmospheric [] using its relationship with of tree ring. During the period between 1999 and 2005, of tree annual ring tended to decrease over time, and the in polluted area (-27.2‰ in 2009 to -28.3‰ in 2005) was significantly (P<0.001) lower than that (-26.0‰ in 1999 to -27.1‰ in 2005) in unpolluted area. This reflects a greater emission of depleted in in the polluted area. Atmospheric [] was significantly (P<0.01) correlated with of tree ring in a linear fashion. Using the linear regression equation, atmospheric [] in the polluted area was estimated to range from 392.3 ppm in 1999 to 410.9 ppm in 2005, and these values were consistently higher than the national atmospheric [] monitored at the Anmyoundo meteorological station (from 370.7 ppm in 1999 to 387.2 ppm in 2005). Our study suggested that it is possible to reconstruct atmospheric [] in a certain area using the relationship between tree ring and atmospheric [].
Air pollution;Carbon isotope ratio;Elevated carbon dioxide;Red pine;
 Cited by
Historical Responses of Quercus variabilis Growth to Environmental Changes in Southern Korea: Evidence from Tree Ring Width and ${\delta}^{13}C$,Kwak, Jin-Hyeob;Lee, Kwang-Seung;Lim, Sang-Sun;Matsushima, Miwa;Lee, Kye-Han;Lee, Sang-Mo;Choi, Woo-Jung;

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