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Growth and Soil Chemical Property of Small Apple Trees as Affected by Organic Fertilizers and Mulch Sources
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 Title & Authors
Growth and Soil Chemical Property of Small Apple Trees as Affected by Organic Fertilizers and Mulch Sources
Choi, Hyun-Sug; Rom, Curt; Lee, Youn; Cho, Jung-Lai; Jung, Seok-Kyu; Jee, Hyeong-Jin;
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 Abstract
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of the fertilizer sources and ground cover mulches on nutrient release, growth, and photosynthesis in small one-year-old apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) trees in controlled conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Treatments included no fertilizer (NF), commercial organic fertilizer (CF), and poultry litter (PL) for fertilizer treatments, and wood chips (WC), shredded paper (SP), green compost (GC), and grass clippings (GR) for cover mulch treatments. All treatments were applied proportionally based on the volume ratio equivalent to the soil. CF, PL, and GR treatments that had optimum carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) ratios (less than 30:1) for N mineralization through the microbes released the greatest concentrations in the pot media at 90 days after the treatments, but GC mulch with the optimum C:N ratio did not. CF-, PL- and GR-treated plants had the largest leaf area, thickest stem diameter, longest shoot extension, and greater dry matter production. CONCLUSION(s): CF and PL showed an suitable organic nutrient source for improving plant growth in an orchard. Interestingly, GR also could be a nutrient source for tree growth, if vegetation competition is controlled by maintaining vegetation height and recycling enough grass clippings to the soil in an orchard.
 Keywords
Apple; assimilation;Growth;Nutrient;Organic;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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