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Ecological Risk Assessment of Pesticide Residues in Agricultural Lake : Risk Quotients and Probabilistic Approach
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 Title & Authors
Ecological Risk Assessment of Pesticide Residues in Agricultural Lake : Risk Quotients and Probabilistic Approach
Lee, Ji-Ho; Park, Byung-Jun; Park, Sang-Won; Kim, Won-Il; Hong, Su-Myung; Im, Geon-Jae; Hong, Moo-Ki;
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BACKGROUND: Pesticides concentration was monitored in 50 agricultural lakes, and ecological risk for aquatic organism was assessed using risk quotient (RQ) and probabilistic methods. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pesticides concentrations detected in 50 agricultural lakes during peak season (June and September) were in the range of . The RQ for algae and the other species was estimated to be 0.25 and below 0.01, indicating medium risk and no risk. Oxadiazon predominantly contributed to RQ value of 99% for algae, fishes, and amphibians. In terms of hazardous concentration at 5% of species (), ecological risk quotients (ERQ) for oxadiazon ranged from 0.18~0.33, showing a medium risk level. Overall, the concentrations of pesticides were much lower than ), value. Probability of combined ecological risk for pesticides ranged from 1.82% to 2.41%. CONCLUSION(s): Combined ecological risk probability did not exceed the acceptable level of 5%, indicating no ecological risk for selected aquatic species. This study suggests that regular ecological risk assessment (ERA) will be required to protect and manage an agricultural lake. Not only ERA at screening level by comparing exposure with toxic effects for aquatic species also advanced ERA technique considering species in indigenous to Korea, chronic toxicity, pulse dose, fate, and environmental factors should be required.
Agricultural lake;Ecological risk assessment;Pesticides;Probabilistic approach;Risk quotients;
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