Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Monitoring and Risk Assessment of Cadmium and Lead in Agricultural Products
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Monitoring and Risk Assessment of Cadmium and Lead in Agricultural Products
Kim, Ji-Young; Choi, Nam-Geun; Yoo, Ji-Hyock; Lee, Ji-Ho; Lee, Young-Gu; Jo, Kyoung-Kyu; Lee, Cheol-Ho; Hong, Su-Myeong; Im, Geon-Jae; Hong, Moo-Ki; Kim, Won-Il;
  PDF(new window)
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to investigate the agricultural product (Pulses, Lettuces, Pumpkins, Apples, Pears and Tangerines) in Korea, monitoring of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) contaminations of agricultural products in cultivated areas and abandoned mine areas were investigated, and risk assessment was performed through dietary intake of agricultural products. METHODS AND RESULTS: The average contents of Cd and Pb ranged from 0.001 to 0.018 mg/kg and from 0.007 to 0.032 mg/kg respectively. The result was showed that contents of Cd and Pb did not exceed maximum residual levels established by CODEX except pumpkins and apples. The average daily intake were in the range of to b.w./day at the mean and 95th percentile for Cd, to b.w./day at the mean and 95th percentile for Pb for general population, based on the Korean public nutrition report 2008. The Hazard Index (HI) from the ratio analysis between daily exposure and safety level values was smaller than 1.0. CONCLUSION(s): This results demonstrated that human exposure to Cd and Pb through dietary intake of agricultural produces from abandoned mine areas might not cause adverse effect exceeding to those from non-contaminated areas.
Agricultural products;Cadmium;Hazard Index;Lead;Monitoring;
 Cited by
농작물 재배지 토양 내 비소, 납 및 카드뮴의 농산물로의 전이계수 산출,김지영;이지호;;강대원;김민지;류지혁;김두호;이영자;김원일;

한국환경농학회지, 2012. vol.31. 4, pp.300-307 crossref(new window)
우리나라 농경지 중금속 동태 및 작물흡수 연구동향,이지호;김지영;고우리;정은정;;정구복;김두호;김원일;

한국환경농학회지, 2012. vol.31. 1, pp.75-95 crossref(new window)
Dietary exposure estimates of trace elements in selected agricultural products grown in greenhouse and associated health risks in Korean population, Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 2013, 02, 03, 35  crossref(new windwow)
Strong positive association of traditional Asian-style diets with blood cadmium and lead levels in the Korean adult population, International Journal of Environmental Health Research, 2013, 23, 6, 531  crossref(new windwow)
Current research trends for heavy metals of agricultural soils and crop uptake in Korea, Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 2012, 31, 1, 75  crossref(new windwow)
Transfer Factor of Heavy Metals from Agricultural Soil to Agricultural Products, Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 2012, 31, 4, 300  crossref(new windwow)
Choi, C.W., Moon, J.H., Park, H.S., Ryeom, T.K., Lee, K.H., Lee, H.M., 2009. A study on the establishment of Korean PTWI for cadmium based on the epidemiological data. J. Food Hyg. Safety. 24, 378-384.

Fergusson, J.E., 1990. The heavy elements: Chemistry, environmental impact and health effects. Pergamon press, Oxford (UK).

Ikebe, K., Nishimune, T., Sueki, K., 1990. Contents of 17 metal elements in food determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (vegetables, fruits, potatoes and fungi). J. Food Hyg. Soc. Jpn. 31. 382-393. crossref(new window)

Jarup, L., 2003. Hazards of heavy metal contamination. Brt Med J. 68, 167-182.

Kim, M.H., Lee, Y.D., Park, H.J., Park, S.K., Lee, J.O., 2005. Contents of heavy metals in soybean curd and strarch jelly consumed in Korea. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 37, 1-5.

Kim, M.H., Kim, J.S., Sou, Y.S., Jeong, S.Y., Lee, J.U., 2004. Contents of toxic metals in fruits available on Korean market. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 36, 523-526.

Krejpcio, Z., Sionkowski, S., Batela, J., 2005. Safety of fresh fruits and juices available on the Polish market as determined by heavy metal residues. J. Environ. Stud. 14, 877-881.

Kim, H.Y., Kim, J.I., Kim, J.C., Park, J.E., Lee, K.J., Kim, S.I., Oh, J.H., Jang, Y.M., 2009. Survey of Heavy metal contents of circulating agricultural products in Korea. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 41, 238-244.

Kim, J.Y., Kim, K.Y., Ahn, J.S., Ko, I.W., Lee, C.H., 2005. Investigation and risk assessment modeling of As and other heavy metals contamination around five abandoned metal mines in Korea. Environ. Geochem. Health 27, 193-203. crossref(new window)

Lee, H.M., Jung, K.H., 2008. Risk Assessment for identifying maximum level of hazarddous chemicals in foods. J. Food Hyg. Safety. 23, 80-84.

Lee, T.J., Kim, K.C., Shin, I.C., Han, K.S., Shim, T.H., Ryu, M.J., Lee, J.K., 1996. Survey on the contents of trace heavy metals in agricultural products of Gangwon-do. Rep.Inst.Health Environ. 7, 75-87.

Lee, J.H., Seo, J.W., An, E.S., Kuk, J.H., Park, J.W., Bae, M.S., Park, S.W., Yoo, M.S., 2011. Monitoring of heavy metals in fruits in Korea. Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 43, 230-234. crossref(new window)

Lee, H.S., Cho, Y.H., Park, S.O., Kye, S.H., Kim, B.H., Hahm, T.S., Kim, M., Lee J.O., Kim, C.I., 2006. Dietary exposure of the Korean population to arsenic, cadmium, lead and mercury. J. Food. Compos. Anal. 19, S31-S37. crossref(new window)

Lee, S.D., Jung, J.Y., Choi, K.H., Lee, J.T., Park, H.M., Shin, H.T., 2010. Risk analysis and estimating consumption of heavy metal from intake of oriental medicines. J. Env. Hlth. Sci. 36, 14-19.

Park, J.S., Lee, M.K., 2002. A study on contents of heavy and trace metal of the agricultural products around mines located in Chollanamdo. Korean. J. Food Nutr. 15, 64-69.

Shim, J.Y., Oh, H.S., Jang, M.R., Lee, Y.A., Lee, R.K., Kim, M.A., Lee, H.J., Lee, S.M., Cho, T.Y., 2010. Monitoring of lead and cadmium contents of vegetables in Korea. J. Food Hyg. Safety. 25, 395-401.

Tsuji, J.S., Benson, R., Schoof, R.A., Hook, G.C., 2004. Health effect levels for risk assessment of childhood exposure to arsenic, Regul. Toxicol. Phamacol. 39, 99-110. crossref(new window)

Triphathi, R.M., Raghunath, R., Krishnamoorthy, T.M., 1997. Dietary intake of heavy metals in Bombay City, India. Sci Total Environ. 208, 149-159. crossref(new window)

Welton, B.D., Peterson, D.P., Moretti, E.S., Dare, H., Bhattacharyya, M.H., 1997. Skeletal changes in multiparous, nulliparous and ovariectomized mice fed either a nutrient sufficient or deficient diet containing cadmium, Toxicologyl. 119. 103-121. crossref(new window)

Zaldivar, R., Guillier, A., 1977. Environmental and clinical investigations on edemic chronic arsenic poisoning in infants and children. Hyg.Abt.Org.Reihe B. 165, 226-234.

Zeng, X.B., Li, L.F., Mei, X.R., 2008. Heavy metal content in chinese vegetable plantation land soils and related source analysis. Agric Sci China. 7, 1115-1126. crossref(new window)

Zheng, N., Wang, Q., Zhang, X., Zheng, D., Zhang, Z., Zhang, S., 2007. Population health risk due to dietary intake of heavy metals in the industrial area of Huludao city, China. Sci. Total Environ. 28, 189-93.