Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Inhibitory Activity of Oak Pyroligneous Liquor against Coleosporium Plectranthi, an Obligate Parasite Responsible for the Rust Disease on Perilla Leaf
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Inhibitory Activity of Oak Pyroligneous Liquor against Coleosporium Plectranthi, an Obligate Parasite Responsible for the Rust Disease on Perilla Leaf
Kumar, Varun; Chauhan, Anil Kumar; Baek, Kwang-Hyun; Kang, Sun-Chul;
  PDF(new window)
BACKGROUND: Coleosporium plectranthi, an obligate parasite, which is responsible for the rust disease of Perilla frutescens, a plant in Korea, commonly known as Perilla. All rusts are obligate parasites, meaning that they require a living host to complete their life cycle. They generally do not kill the host plant but can severely reduce growth and yield. Food and feed spoilage fungi cause great economic losses worldwide. It is estimated that between 5 and 10% of the world food production is wasted due to fungal deterioration. Rust disease of Perilla is highly frequent and is widely spread in Korea. The present study was designed to investigate a novel media for the urediniospore germination in vitro and anti-rust activity as well as GC-MS analysis of oak pyroligneous liquor. METHOD AND RESULTS: Urediniospores were collected from the infected leaf of Perilla. Spore suspension was made and the suspension was inoculated in the 2% water agar media with proper humidity, then they were incubated at for 56 hrs. The GC-MS analysis of the oak pyroligneous liquor was also done to check the chemical composition. GC-MS analysis of the wood vinegar was found 15 compounds, among them o-mthoxyphenol (25.93%), 2,6-dimethoxyphenol (16.06%), 4-methylenecyclohexanone (10.69%), 2,3-dihydroxytoluene (7.84%), levoglucosane (6.14%) and propanoic acid (5.32%) were the major components. Different concentration of the oak pyroligneous liquor was used, and spore inhibition was recorded on the basis of spore counting. The best results were noted at the concentration of 50% solution where 31.8% spores were inhibited. CONCLUSION: On the basis of the chemical composition of the oak pyroligneous liquor and the activity recorded we can use it as an anti-rust agent.
Coleosporium plectranthi;GC-MS;Oak pyroligneous liquor;Perilla;
 Cited by
In vivo control of perilla rust disease by oak pyroligneous liquor, Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 2013, 02, 04, 86  crossref(new windwow)
Adams, R.P., 2001. Identification of essential oil components by gas chromatography/quadrupole mass spectroscopy. Carol Stream, Illinois, USA, Allured Publishing Corporation.

Al-Reza, S.M., Hwang, C.W., Kang, S.C., 2010. Efficacy of chemical preservatives to control Perilla rust, Korean J. Environ. Agric. 29 (4), 417-420. crossref(new window)

Annon, 2005. Wood vinegar. Food & Fertilizer Technology Center. Wood Vinegar.

Baser, K.H. Demirci, C.B., Donmez, A.A., 2003. Composition of the essential oil of Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton from Turkey. Flav. Frag. J. 18, 122-123. crossref(new window)

Brenner, D.M., 1993. Perilla : botany, uses and genetic resources. in: J. Janick and J. E. Simon (eds.), New Crops. John Wiley and Sons, NY, 322-328.

Burt, S., 2004, Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods-a review, Int. J. Food Microbiol . 94, 223-253. crossref(new window)

Chen, Y.P., 1997. Application and prescriptions of Perilla in traditional Chinese medicine. in: Perilla: the genus Perilla. (K. Kosuna, M. Haga, and H. C. Yu, eds.) Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, 37-45.

Choi, I.S., Son, S.Y., Kwan, O.H., 1980. Effect of seedling age and planting density on the yield and its component of Perilla (Ocymcides var. Typica MAKINO) intercropped with tobacco or after cropped, Korean Soc. Hort. Sci . 25, 68-75.

Cummins, G.B., 1997. Illustrated Genera of Rust Fungi, Burgess Publishing Company, 36-37.

Fujita, T., Nakayama, M., 1997. Chemical Studies on the Constituents of the Perilla frutescens. In: Perilla: the Genus Perilla. (K. Kosuna, M. Haga, and H. C.Yu, eds.) Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, 109-128.

Greenspan, L., 1977. Humidity fixed points of binary saturated aqueous solutions. J. of Research of the National Bureau of Standards A. Physics and Chemistry 18A (1), 98.

Kim, W.G., Lee, B.D., Cho, W.D., Shin, D. B., 2001. Anthracnose of Perilla caused by Colletotrichum spp. and Glomerella cingulata , Plant Pathol. J . 17, 236-241.

Knowles, G., 2002. In Worship of the Trees, The Oak Tree.

Kurita, N., Koike, S., 1981. Synergistic antimicrobial effect of Perilla and NaCl. Nippon Nogeikagaku Kaishi 55, 43-46. crossref(new window)

Lopez-Llorca, L.V., Valiente, M.F.C., 1993. Study of biodegradation of starch-plastic films in soil using scanning electron microscopy, Micron , 24, 457-463. crossref(new window)

Mitsuyoshi Y., Madoka N., Keko H., Tatsuro O., Akira S., 2002. Termiticidal activity of wood vinegar, its components and their homologues, J. Wood Sci. 48, 338-342. crossref(new window)

Ragazinskiene, O., Gailys, V. Jankausiene, Simoniene, K.G., Jurkstiene, 2004. Common Perilla [Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton] as a perspective immuno-modulator. Medicina 40, 220-224.

Suyama, K., Tamate, M., Adachi, S., 1983. Color stability of shisonin, red pigment of a perilla (Perilla ocimoids var. crispa Benth), Food Chem. 10, 69-77. crossref(new window)

Yamazaki, M., Ueda, H. 1997. Antiinflammatory and Antiallergic Activity of Perilla extract. in: Perilla: the Genus Perilla . (K. Kosuna, M. Haga, and H. C. Yu, eds.) Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, 47-54.

Yu, H.C., Niskanen, A., Paananen J., 1997. Perilla and the Treatment of Allergy-a Review. in: Perilla: the Genus Perilla . (K. Kosuna, M. Haga, and H. C. Yu, eds.) Harwood Academic Publishers, Amsterdam, 55-70.

Yun, H.Y., Kim, Y.H., Hong, S.G., Lee, K.J., 2007. First description of Coleosporium plectranthi causing Perilla rust in Korea, Plant Pathol.J. 23(1), 7-12. crossref(new window)