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The Effects of Genetically Modified Crops on Soil Microbial Community
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 Title & Authors
The Effects of Genetically Modified Crops on Soil Microbial Community
Lee, Ki-Jong; Oh, Sung-Dug; Sohn, Soo-In; Ryu, Tae-Hun; Park, Jong-Sug; Lee, Jang-Yong; Cho, Hyun-Suk; Ahn, Byung-Ohg;
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BACKGROUND: Genetically modified (GM) crops must receive relevant regulator's authorization before they can be sold as seed or used food, feed and processing. Before approving any GM crop, the relevant government ministries are required to examine environmental risk assessment to make scientifically sound and socially acceptable decisions. But one of the least studied and understood areas in the environmental risk assessment of GM crops are their impact on soil microbial community. METHODS AND RESULTS: Recently, advanced methods have been developed to characterize the soil microbial community in various environments. In this study, the culture-dependent and culture-independent technical approaches for profiling soil microbial communities are summarized and their applicability to assess GM crops are discussed. CONCLUSION(S): We concluded that the effect of GM crops on soil microbial community need to be assessed on a case by case basis. The combination of culture-dependent and culture-independent method was necessary for reliable and detailed assessment of effect of GM crops on soil microbial community.
Environmental risk assessment;Genetically modified;Soil microbes;
 Cited by
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