Publisher : The Korean Society of Environmental Agriculture
DOI : 10.5338/KJEA.2012.31.2.97
Title & Authors
Health Risk Assessment through Residents Exposure to Toxic Metals in Soil and Groundwater in the Vicinity of Sanyang Metal Mine Park, Jeong-Hun; Choi, Kyoung-Kyoon;
BACKGROUND: Metal mines were actively developed in the early twentieth century in Korea; however, most of these mines were closed and abandoned without proper management. Therefore, toxic metal contamination in the vicinity of Korean abandoned metal mines has been reported. A risk assessment for these metals was performed for residents near by abandoned Sanyang metal mine. METHODS AND RESULTS: Soil and groundwater samples were collected from May to October 2007 around the mine. After pretreatment of these samples, metal concentrations were measured and then a risk assessment was performed using the Korean soil-contamination risk assessment guidelines. Cancer risk was the highest from inhalation of Pb-contaminated soil, followed in descending order by As-contaminated soil inhalation and water ingestion. The sum of carcinogenic risks was . The noncarcinogenic risk was observed for inhalation of Hg-contaminated soil (5.71). CONCLUSION: Inhalation of soil in dust was the principal pathway to cause the health risk and most of the risk was attributed to As, Pb,Cd, and Hg contamination.
Heavy metals;Mining;Phytoaccumulation;Risk assessment;Soil;
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