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Identification and Quantification of Glucosinolates in Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) Sprouts Cultivated under Dark and Light Conditions
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 Title & Authors
Identification and Quantification of Glucosinolates in Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) Sprouts Cultivated under Dark and Light Conditions
Lee, Min-Ki; Arasu, Mariadhas Valan; Chun, Jin-Hyuk; Seo, Jeong Min; Lee, Ki-Teak; Hong, Soon-Taek; Kim, In Ho; Lee, Yong-Hwa; Jang, Young-Seok; Kim, Sun-Ju;
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 Abstract
BACKGROUND: This study was performed for the identification and quantification of glucosinolate (GSL) contents in seven varieties of rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) sprouts cultivated under dark and light conditions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Crude glucosinolates (GSLs) were desulfated by treating with aryl sulfatase and purified using diethylaminoethyl sepharose (DEAE) anion exchange column. Individual GSLs were quantified using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) with electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS). Eleven GSLs including six aliphatic (progoitrin, sinigrin, glucoalyssin, gluconapoleiferin, gluconapin, and glucobrassicanapin), four indolyl (4-hydroxyglucobrassicin, glucobrassicin, 4-methoxyglucobrassicin, and neoglucobrassicin) and one aromatic (gluconasturtiin) were identified based on the fragmentation patterns of MS spectrum. Aliphatic GSLs were noted as the predominant group with average 85.2% of the total contents. The most abundant GSLs were progoitrin which was ranged at dry weight (DW). The highest total GSL amounts were documented in `Hanra` ( DW) under light condition and `Mokpo No. 68` ( DW) in dark condition, whereas the lowest was in `Tamra` (30.13 and DW) in both conditions. The sum of aliphatic GSLs attributed > 80% in all varieties, except `Tamra` (67.7% and 64.9% in dark and light conditions, respectively) in the total GSL accumulation. Indolyl GSLs were ranged DW, accounted 2.78-33.6% of the total GSLs in rapeseed varieties. CONCLUSION(S): These results provide valuable information regarding potential beneficial GSL contents individually. This study attempts to contribute to knowledge of the nutritional properties of the different varieties of rapeseed plants. These results may be useful for the evaluation of dietary information.
 Keywords
Brassica napus L.;Glucosinolates;LC-ESI-MS/MS;Light conditions;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
광 조건에 따른 동부나물 생육특성 및 영양성분 변화,김동관;김영민;천상욱;이경동;임요섭;

한국작물학회지, 2015. vol.60. 4, pp.475-483 crossref(new window)
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Growth Characteristics and Nutrient Content of Cowpea Sprouts Based on Light Conditions, The Korean Journal of Crop Science, 2015, 60, 4, 475  crossref(new windwow)
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Identification and Determination of Phenolic Compounds in Rapeseed Meals (Brassica napus L.), Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment, 2015, 04, 01, 14  crossref(new windwow)
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