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Effect of Double-Cropping Systems on Nematode Population in Plastic Film House Soils of Oriental Melon Cultivation
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 Title & Authors
Effect of Double-Cropping Systems on Nematode Population in Plastic Film House Soils of Oriental Melon Cultivation
Byeon, Il-Su; Suh, Sun-Young; Lee, Yong-Se; Chung, Jong-Bae;
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BACKGROUND: Crop rotation is often used as a solution to eradicate nematodes in soils used in plastic film houses for long-term cultivation of oriental melon. However, it is not clear if the double-cropping is effective in reducing nematode populations in soils. METHODS AND RESULTS: Nematode population in plastic film house soil was measured during oriental melon cultivation from April to July in short term crop rotation systems of oriental melon. Double-cropping of chinese cabbage in open-field for 3-4 months following oriental melon in plastic film houses could not prevent the build-up of high population density of nematodes. However, double-cropping of dropwort in flooded soil for 3-4 months following oriental melon in plastic film houses could effectively reduce the nematode population during the successive year of oriental melon cultivation. The reduced nematode population in soils of oriental melon-dropwort double-cropping system was continued until the mid season of progressive year oriental melon cultivation. Application of nematicide to soil before growing oriental melon in the oriental melon-dropwort double-cropping was very effective in preventing the build-up of high population density of nematode in plastic film house soils. CONCLUSION: Short-term introduction of crop rotation was not effective in suppression of high population density of nematodes in plastic film house soils of long-term year-to-year production of oriental melon. For securing the soil productivity and sustainability of plastic film house, various physical, chemical, and agronomic practices should be properly combined together.
Crop rotation;Nematode;Oriental melon;Plastic film house;
 Cited by
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