Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Fruit Characteristics Based on Leaf to Fruit Ratio in 'Pione' Grapevine (Vitis vinifera × V. labrusca) during Cultivation with Heating
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Fruit Characteristics Based on Leaf to Fruit Ratio in 'Pione' Grapevine (Vitis vinifera × V. labrusca) during Cultivation with Heating
Yun, Seok Kyu; Park, Seo Jun; Jung, Sung Min; Kim, Jung Bae; Yoon, Ik Koo; Nam, Eun Young; Yu, Duk Jun; Lee, Hee Jae;
  PDF(new window)
BACKGROUND: Defoliation in grapevine cultivation is practically used to improve light environment within the canopy and thereby fruit quality. Effects of defoliation in five-year-old 'Pione' grapevine during cultivation with heating were investigated to find out optimum ratio of leaf area to fruit cluster weight (L/F). METHODS AND RESULTS: The grapevines were defoliated with berry-thinning 20 days after full bloom to provide various levels of L/F. At harvest, total leaf area values of fruit bearing branches were between 0.23 and . With increasing L/F, soluble solids and anthocyanin contents curvilinearly increased (). At L/F over , soluble solids content (SSC) leveled off. With increasing L/F, titratable acidity (TA) linearly decreased (), but the ratio of SSC to TA linearly increased (). Anthocyanin content was significantly correlated with SSC and the ratio of SSC to TA ( and , respectively). When total leaf area per fruit bearing branch was maintained , soluble solids and anthocyanin contents linearly decreased ( and , respectively), but TA linearly increased with increasing fruit cluster weight (). Fruit was low in quality when the L/F was below . CONCLUSION: L/F is recommended to be maintained at least in 'Pione' grapevine during cultivation with heating to produce higher-quality fruits.
Anthocyanin content;Cultivation with heating;Grapevine;Leaf to fruit ratio;
 Cited by
Bikash, D., Jindal, P.C., 2002. Dynamics of anthocyanin and sugar accumulation in grape berry, Ind. J. Plant Physiol. 7, 86‐87.

Castellarin, S.D., Gambetta, G.A., Wada, H., Shackel, K.A., Matthews, M.A., 2011. Fruit ripening in Vitis vinifera: Spatiotemporal relationships among turgor, sugar accumulation, and anthocyanin biosynthesis, J. Exp. Bot. 62, 4345‐4354. crossref(new window)

Chorti, E., Guidoni, S., Ferrandino, A., Novello, V., 2010. Effect of different cluster sunlight exposure levels on ripening and anthocyanin accumulation in 'Nebbiolo' grapes, Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 61, 23‐30.

Dardeniz, A., Yildirim, I., Gokbayrak, Z., Akcal, A., 2008. Influence of shoot topping on yield and quality of Vitis vinifera L., Afr. J. Biotechnol. 7, 3628‐3631.

Edson, C.E., Howell, G.S., Flore, J.A., 1995. Influence of crop load on photosynthesis and dry matter partitioning of Seyval grapevines. III. Seasonal changes in dry matter partitioning, vine morphology, yield, and fruit composition, Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 46, 478‐485.

El‐Razek, E.A., Treutter, D., Saleh, M.M.S., El‐Shammaa, M., Fouad, A.A., Abdel‐Hamid, N., Abou‐Rawash, M., 2010. Effect of defoliation and fruit thinning on fruit quality of 'Crimson Seedless' grape, Res. J. Agric. Biol. Sci. 6, 289‐295.

Ferree, D.C., Scurlock, D.M., Steiner, T., Gallander, J., 2004. 'Chambourcin' grapevine response to crop level and canopy shade at bloom, J. Am. Pomol. Soc. 58, 135‐141.

Gambett, G.A., Matthews, M.A., Shaghasi, T.H., McElrone, A.J., Castellarin, S.D., 2010. Sugar and abscisic acid signaling orthologs are activated at the onset of ripening in grape, Planta 232, 219‐234. crossref(new window)

Guidoni, S., Allara, P., Schubert, A., 2002. Effect of cluster thinning on berry skin anthocyanin composition of Vitis vinifera cv. Nebbiolo, Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 53, 224‐226.

Haselgrove, L., Botting, D., van Heeswijck, R., Høj, P.B., Dry, R.R., Ford, C., Iland, P.G., 2000. Canopy microclimate and berry composition: The effect of bunch exposure on the phenolic composition of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Shiraz grape berries, Aust. J. Grape Wine Res. 6, 141-149. crossref(new window)

Hirano, K., Murakami, M., Okamoto, G., 1994. Effect of leaf area on fruit quality of seedless 'Pione' grapes during ripening, ASEV Jpn. Rep. 5, 27‐34.

Jaakola, L., Hohtola, A., 2010. Effect of latitude on flavonoid biosynthesis in plants, Plant Cell Environ. 33, 1239‐1247.

Kliewer, W.M., Dokoozlian, N.K., 2005. Leaf area/crop weight ratios of grapevines: Influence on fruit composition and wine quality, Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 56, 170‐181.

Kobayashi, S., 2009. Regulation of anthocyanin biosynthesis in grapes, J. Jpn. Soc. Hort. Sci. 78, 387‐393. crossref(new window)

Koeppen, B.H., Basson, D.S., 1966. The anthocyanin pigments of Barlinka grapes, Phytochemistry 5, 183-187. crossref(new window)

Matsumoto, K., Kim, B.K., Oahn, V.T.K., Seo, J.H., Yoon, H.K., Park, M.K., Hwang, Y.S., Chun, J.P., 2007. Comparison of sugar compositions and quality parameters during berry ripening between grape cultivars, Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. 25, 230‐234.

Mori, K., Sugaya, S., Gemma, H., 2005. Decreased anthocyanin biosynthesis in grape berries grown under elevated night temperature condition, Sci. Hort. 105, 319‐330. crossref(new window)

Motomura, Y., 1993. 14C‐assimilate partitioning in grapevine shoots: Effects of shoot pinching, girdling of shoot, and leaf‐halving on assimilates partitioning from leaves into clusters, Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 44, 1‐7.

Poni, S., Bernizzoni, F., Civardi, S., 2008. The effect of early leaf removal on whole‐canopy gas exchange and vine performance of Vitis vinifera L. 'Sangiovese', Vitis 47, 1‐6.

Poni, S., Casalini, L., Bernizzoni, F., Civardi, S., Intrieri, C., 2006. Effects of early defoliation on shoot photosynthesis, yield components, and grape composition, Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 57, 397‐407.

Poudel, P.R., Mochioka, R., Beppu, K., Kataoka, I., 2009. Influence of temperature on berry composition of interspecific hybrid wine grape 'Kadainou R‐1' (Vitis ficifolia var. Gnaebu ${\times}$ V. vinifera 'Muscat of Alexandria'), J. Jpn. Soc. Hort. Sci. 78, 169‐174. crossref(new window)

Prajitna, A., Dami, I.E., Steiner, T.E., Ferree, D.C., Scheerens, J.C., Schwartz, S.J., 2007. Influence of cluster thinning on phenolic composition, resveratrol, and antioxidant capacity in Chambourcin wine. Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 58, 346‐350.

Santesteban, L.G., Royo, J.B., 2006. Water status, leaf area, and fruit load influence on berry weight and sugar accumulation of cv. 'Tempranillo' under semiarid conditions, Sci. Hort. 109, 60‐65. crossref(new window)

Shiraishi, M., Fujishima, H., Chijiwa, H., Muramoto, K., 2012. Estimates of genotypic and yearly variations on fruit quality and functional traits for tetraploid table grape breeding, Euphytica 185, 243‐251. crossref(new window)

Spayd, S.E., Tarara, J.M., Mee, D.L., Ferguson, J.C., 2002. Separation of sunlight and temperature effects on the composition of Vitis vinifera cv. Merlot berries, Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 53, 171‐182.

Yamamoto, K., Takahashi, K., Takata, K., 1992. Techniques of improving grape quality by girdling, Kinki Chugoku Agric. Res. 83, 38‐42.

Yamane, T., Shibayama, K., 2006. Effects of trunk girdling and crop load levels on fruit quality and root elongation in 'Aki Queen' grapevines, J. Jpn. Soc. Hort. Sci. 75, 439‐444. crossref(new window)

Yamane, T., Jeong, S.T., Goto‐Yamamoto, N., Koshita, Y., Kobayashi, S., 2006. Effects of temperature on anthocyanin biosynthesis in grape berry skins, Am. J. Enol. Vitic. 57, 54‐59.

Zheng, Y., Tian, L., Liu, H., Pan, Q., Zhan, J., Huang, W., 2009. Sugars induce anthocyanin accumulation and flavanone 3‐hydroxylase expression in grape berries, Plant Growth Regul. 58, 251‐260. crossref(new window)