Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Monitoring of Pesticide Residues and Risk Assessment in Some Fruits on the Market in Incheon, Korea
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Monitoring of Pesticide Residues and Risk Assessment in Some Fruits on the Market in Incheon, Korea
Chung, Se Jin; Kim, Hye Young; Kim, Ji Hyeung; Yeom, Mi Suk; Cho, Joong Hee; Lee, Soo Yeon;
  PDF(new window)
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to investigate the levels of pesticide residues in fruits and to assess their risk to human health. METHODS AND RESULTS: Monitoring of 215 samples of fruits collected from local markets in incheon during 2013 was performed. 259 pesticides were analyzed by multi-residue method and Quick, Easy, Cheap, Effective, Rugged, and safe/Mass/Mass(QuEChERS/MS/MS) method using Gas Chromatography-Electron Capture Detector/Nitrogen Phosphorus Detector(GC-ECD/NPD), GC-MS, LC(Liquid Chromatography-Mass/Mass(LC-MS/MS) and High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Photodiode Array/Fluorescence Detector(HPLC-PDA/FLD). In 56.3% of the samples detected pesticide residues and were not found to exceed Maximum Residue Limits(MRL). The highest detected samples were found in citrus fruits(83.9%). Among the detected compounds, carbendazim(13.1%), imazalil (11.7%), thiabendazole(10.7%) and fludioxonil(9.8%) were frequently found in fruits. A risk assessment of pesticide residues in fruits was performed by calculating Estimated Daily Intake(EDI) and Acceptable Daily Intake(ADI). Also, we were evaluated removal efficiency of pesticide residues by washing and peeling. The removal efficiency of pesticide residues in citrus and tropical fruits by peeling processes were 91.6%. After the washing process, the removal rates were 43.1%(Cherry, Grape, Blueberry). CONCLUSION: The level of pesticide residues in fruits was within the MRL. The range of %ADI values was from 0.00011 to 0.98795%. The process of washing or peeling reduces the level of pesticide residues. The results of this research concluded that the detected pesticides are not harmful to human being.
Fruits;Incheon city;Monitoring;Pesticide residues;Risk assessment;%ADI;
 Cited by
광주지역 도매시장 반입농산물의 잔류농약 실태 및 위해성 평가 (2014~2016),양용식;강경리;이세미;김선경;이민규;최은아;서계원;김은선;김진희;

농약과학회지, 2017. vol.21. 4, pp.341-354 crossref(new window)
Ahn, J.W., Jeon, Y.H., Hwang, J.I., Kim, H.Y., Kim, J.H., Chung, D.H., Kim, J.E., 2012. Monitoring of pesticide residues and risk assessment for fruit vegetables and root vegetables of environment-friendly certified and general agricultural products, Korean J. Environ Agric. 31, 164-169. crossref(new window)

Bao, M.J., Shen, J., Jia, Y.L., Li, F.F., Ma, W.J., Shen, H.J., Shen, L.L., Lin, X.X., Zhang, L.H., Dong, X.W., Xie, Y.C., Zhao, Y.Q., Xie, Q.M., 2013, Apple polyphenol protects against cigarette smoke-induced acute lung injury. Nutrition 29, 235 - 243. crossref(new window)

Cho, Y.S., Kang, J.B., Kim, Y.H., Jeong, J.A., Huh, J.W., Lee, S.H., Lim, Y.S., Bae, H.J., Kang, H.G., Lee, J.H., Jung, E.S., Lee, B.H., Park, Y.B., Lee, J.B., 2012, A survey on pesticide residues of imported fruits circulated in Gyeonggido. Korean J. pesticide sci. 16, 195-201. crossref(new window)

Choi, S.J., Kim, E.J., Lee, J.I., Cho, I.S., Park, W.H., Hwang, I.S., Kim, M.S., Kim, G.H., 2013. Determination of post-harvest fungicide in citrus fFruits using LC-MS, Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 45, 409-415. crossref(new window)

Darby, W.J., 1964. Pesticides: a contribution to agriculture and nutrition. Am. J. Public Health Nations Health. 54, 18-23 crossref(new window)

Do, Y.S., Kim, J.B., Kang, S.H., Kim, N.Y., Um, M.N., Park, Y.B., Oh, M.S., Yoon, M.H., 2012, Risk assessment of pesticide residues in fruits collected in Gyeonggi-do, Korea from 2006 to 2010. Korean J. pesticide sci. 16, 85-97. crossref(new window)

Han, S.H., Park, S.K., Kim, O.H., Choi, Y.H., Seoung, H.J., Lee, Y.J., Jung, J.K., Kim, Y.H., Yu, I.S., Kim, Y.K., Han, K.Y., Chae, Y.Z., 2012. Monitoring of pesticide residues in commercial agricultural products in the northern area of Seoul, Korean J. pesticide sci. 16, 109-120. crossref(new window)

Jang, M.R., Moon, H.K., Kim, T.R., Yuk, D.H., Kim, J.H., Park, S.G., 2010. Dietary risk assessment for pesticide residues of vesgetales in Seoul, Korea. Korean. J. Nutr. 43, 404-412. crossref(new window)

Kim, G.H., Lee, Y.S., Jung, J.S., Hur, J.,S., Koh, Y., F., 2013, Optimal spray time, interval and number of preventive fungicides for the cControl of fruit rots of green and gold Kiwifruit cultivar. Res, Plant Dis. 19, 1-6. crossref(new window)

Kim, Y.H., Lee, S.Y., Kim, C.G., Choi, E.J., Jo, N.G., Lee, J. M., Kim, Y.H., 2013, A survey on the pesticide residues and risk assessment for agricultural products on the markets in Incheon area from 2010 to 2012. Korean J Environ Agric. 32, 61-69 crossref(new window)

Ko, B.S., Jeon, T.H., Jung, K.S., Lee, S.K., 1996, Removal effects of oranic-phosphorus pesticide residue in lettuce by washing method, Korean J. Rural Med. 21, 159-171.

Koh, Y.J., Lee, J.G., Hur, J.S., Park, D.M., Jung, S.J., Yu, Y.,M., 2003, Optimum spray program of preventive fungicides for the control of postharvest fruit rots of Kiwifruit, Res, Plant Dis. 9, 205-208. crossref(new window)

Kwon, O.K., Hang, S.M., Choi, D.D., Park, C.W., Song, B.H., Ryu, G.H., Oh, B.Y., 2001, Survey on pesticide usage for the development of pesticide use indicator in fruit vegetable, Korean J. pesticide sci. 5, 40-44.

Lee, M.H., Kim, M.S., Shin, H.G., Sohn, H.Y., 2011, Evaluation of antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antithrombin activity of domestic fruit and vegetable juice. Korean J. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 39, 146-152.

Lee, J.B., Moon, B.C., Jin, Y.D., Kwon, H.Y., Im, G.J., Hong, M.K., Kang, K.Y., 2011, Trend Analysis of Hazard Substances in/on Agricultural Products Reported. Korean J. pesticide sci. 15, 434-440

Lee, M.G., Lee, S.R., 1997. Reduction fector and risk assessment of organophosphoros pesticide in Korea food, Korean J. Food Sci. Technol. 29, 240-248.

Kruve, A., Lamos, L., Kirillova, J., Heodes, K., 2007. Pesticide residues in commercially available orange and evaluation of potential washing methods. Proc. Estonian Acad. Sci. Chem. 56, 3, 134-141.

Ridgway, R.L., Tinney, J.C., MacGregor, T.J., Starler, N.J., 1978, Pesticide use in agriculture. Environ. Health Perspect. 27, 103-112. crossref(new window)

Lehotay, S.J., de Kok, A., Hiemstra, M., Van, B.P., 2005. Validation of a fast and easy method for the determination of residues from 229 resticides in fruits and vegetables using gas and liguid chromatographu and mass spectromrtric detection. J. AOAC Int. 88, 595-614.

Yang, Y.S., Seo, J.M., Kim, J.P., Oh, M.S., Chung, J.K., Kim, E.S., 2006, A survey on pesticide residues of imported agricultural products circulated in Gwangju. J. Food Hyg. Safety 21(2), 52-59.

You, Y.H., Lee, Y.S., Kwon, H.J., 2011, Reduction factors of pesticides with different physicochemical properties under washing and cooking conditions. Korean J. Food Sci. Techlol. 43, 537-543. crossref(new window)

Zhouk, Raffoul, J.J., 2012, Potential anticancer properties of grape antioxidants. J. Oncol. 803294, 1-8.