Advanced SearchSearch Tips
The Effects of the Short-term Cultivation and Incorporation of Legume Green Manures on the Chemical Properties of Soil Contaminated with Heavy Metals
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
The Effects of the Short-term Cultivation and Incorporation of Legume Green Manures on the Chemical Properties of Soil Contaminated with Heavy Metals
Kim, Min-Suk; Min, Hyungi; Lee, Byeongjoo; Kim, Jeong-Gyu; Lee, Sang-Hwan;
  PDF(new window)
BACKGROUND: Recent studies for heavy metal stabilization in soil were mainly focused on finding out new materials and its efficiency. But, such a stabilization method can cause disturbance to soil, leading improper environment for agriculture. The object of this study was to demonstrate the effect of the incorporation of green manure crops on heavy metal-contaminated soil. METHODS AND RESULTS: Soil contaminated with heavy metals was collected from the agricultural soils affected by the abandoned mine. Lime stone was selected and treated to contaminated soil. Three kinds of legume green manure crops; Alfalfa (Medicago sativa), Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa), Red clover (Trifolium pratense) were subsequently cultivated in greenhouse condition. It was found that lime stone increased soil pH and decreased the amount of heavy metal absorption by green manure. The application of green manure residues on soil increased soil pH and inorganic nitrogen. CONCLUSION: The C/N ratio of three green manures was low, indicating fast decomposition rate, resulting in nitrogen supplement, consequently. Considering the point that the soil was used for agricultural purpose, it was recommended that hairy vetch and red clover were preferred. Nevertheless, the heavy metal availability was also increased. Thus, it seemed that further study was needed to confirm that how long maintain a phenomenon.
Heavy metals;Legume green manure;Soil disturbance;Stabilization;
 Cited by
The applicability of burcucumber (Sicyos angulatus L.) as a substitute for nitrogen fertilizer, Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 2016, 35, 1, 1  crossref(new windwow)
Alleviation of Mercury Toxicity in Wheat by the Interaction of Mercury-Tolerant Plant Growth-Promoting Rhizobacteria, Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, 2016  crossref(new windwow)
Allison, F.E., 1966. The fate of nitrogen applied to soils, Adv. Agron. 18, 219-258. crossref(new window)

Chon, S.U., 2006. Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) autotoxicity - Replant problems, Kor. J. Weed Sci. 26, 211-224.

Erickson, R.O., 1976. Modeling of plant growth, Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 27, 407-434. crossref(new window)

Helyar K.R., 1976. Nitrogen cycling and soil acidification, J. Aust. Inst. Agric. Sci. 42, 217-221.

Hill, R.L., James, B.R., 1995. The influence of waste amendments on soil properties, in: Rechcigl, J.E. (Eds), Soil amendments and environmental quality, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, pp. 311-326.

Hoagland, D.R., Arnon, D.I., 1950. The water-culture method for growing plants without soil, Calif. Agric. Exp. Stn. Bull. 347, 36-39.

Hong, C.O., Lee, D.K., Chung, D.Y., Kim, P.J., 2007. Liming effects on cadmium stabilization in upland soil affected by gold mining activity, Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 52, 496-502. crossref(new window)

Jarrell, W.M., Beverly, R.B., 1981. The dilution effect in plant nutrition studies, Adv. Agron. 34, 197-224. crossref(new window)

Jeon, I.S., Kim, M.C., Hur, J.H., Yu, C.Y., Cho, D.H., Kim, E.H., 1997. Bioassay of allelopathy substance related injury by successive cropping in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.), Korean J. Crop Sci. 42, 228-235.

Jeon, W.T., Seong, K.Y., Kim, M.T., Oh, I.S., Choi, B.S., Kang, U.G., 2011a. Effect of monoculture and mixtures of green manure crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum) on rice growth and yield in paddy, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 44, 847-852. crossref(new window)

Jeon, W.T., Hur, S.O., Seong, K.Y., Oh, I.S., Kim, M.T., Kang, U.G., 2011b. Effect of green manure hairy vetch on rice growth and saving of irrigation water, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 44, 181-186. crossref(new window)

Kim, C.G., Cho, H.S., Jeon, W.T., Seong, K.Y., Jeong, K.H., Choi, B.S., Cho, Y.S., 2011. Effects of planting density and fertilizer level on corn growth and yield for bio-energy production in no-till cultivation with hairy vetch cut mulching, Korean J. Intl. Agri. 23, 51-56.

Kim, J.D., Kim, S.G., Kwon, C.H., 2004. Comparison of forage yield and quality of forage legume, J. Anim. Sci. & Technol. (Kor.) 46, 437-442. crossref(new window)

Kim, J.D., Kim, S.G., Jwon, C.H., Abuel, S.J., Chae, S.H., Kim, M.K., 2005. Comparison of forage yield and quality, and soil improvement of legumes, J. Korean Grassl. Sci. 25, 151-158. crossref(new window)

Kim K.R., Owen, G., Naidu, R., 2009. Heavy metal distribution, bioaccessibility and phytoavailability in long-term contaminated soils from lake Macquarie, Australia, Aust. J. Soil Res. 47, 166-176. crossref(new window)

Kim, K.R., Park, J.S., Kim, M.S., Koo, N., Lee, S.H., Lee, J.S., Kim, S.C., Yang, J.E., Kim, J.G., 2010. Changes in heavy metal phytoavailability by application of immobilizing agents and soil cover in the upland soil nearby abandoned mining area and subsequent metal uptake by red pepper, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 43, 864-871.

Kim, S., Seo, Y., Choi, Y., Ahn, M., Kang, A., 2011. Effect of mixed sowing of hairy vetch and rye on green manure yield in mountainous highland, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert., 44, 442-447. crossref(new window)

Kim, M.S., Koo, N., Kim, J.G., Yang, J.E., Lee, J.S., Bak, G.I., 2012. Effects of soil amendments on the early growth and heavy metal accumulation of Brassica campestris ssp. Chinensis Jusl. in heavy metalcontaminated soil, Korean. J. Soil Sci. Fert. 45, 961-967. crossref(new window)

Kim, M.S., Min, H., Lee, B., Chang, S., Kim, J.G., Koo, N., Park, J.S., Bak, G.I., 2014. The applicability of the acid mine drainage sludge in the heavy metal stabilization in soils, Korean J. Environ. Agric. 33, 78-85. crossref(new window)

Koo, N., Jo, H.J., Lee, S.H., Kim, J.G., 2011. Using response surface methodology to assess the effects of iron and spent mushroom substrate on arsenic phytotoxicity in lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.), J. Hazard. Mater. 192, 381-387.

Koo, N., Lee, S.H., Kim, J.G., 2012. Arsenic mobility in the amended mine tailings and its impact on soil enzyme activity, Environ. Geochem. Health 34, 337-348. crossref(new window)

Koo, N., Kim, M.S., Hyun, S., Kim, J.G., 2013. Effects of the incorporation of phosphorus and iron into arsenic-spiked artificial soils in root growth of lettuce using response surface methodology, Commun. Soil Sci. Plan. 44, 1259-1271. crossref(new window)

Lee, J.T., Lee, G.J., Park, C.S., Hwang, S.W., Yeoung, Y.R., 2005. Effect of hairy vetch (Vicia villosa Roth) sod culture on reducing soill loss and providing nitrogen for chinese cabbage in highland, Korean. J. Soil Sci. Fert. 38, 294-300.

Lee, S.H., Lee, J.S., Choi, Y.J., Kim, J.G., 2009. In situ stabilization of cadmium-, lead-, amd zinc-contaminated soil using various amendments, Chemosphere 77, 1069-1075. crossref(new window)

Lee, J.H., Lee, B.M., Shim, S.I., Lee, Y., Jee, H.J., 2011. Effects of crimson clover, hairy vetch, and rye residue mulch on weed occurrence, soybean growth, and yield in soybean fileds, Kor. J. Weed Sci. 31, 167-174. crossref(new window)

Lee, S.H., Park, H., Koo, N., Hyun, S. Hwang, A., 2011. Evaluation of the effectiveness of various amendments on trace metals stabilization by chemical and biological methods, J. Hazard. Mater. 188, 44-51. crossref(new window)

Lee, S.M., Lee, S.B., Lee, B.M., Cho, J.L., An, N.H., Lee, Y., Yun, H.B., Kuk, Y.I., Choi, H.S., 2012. Changes of soil biological properties as affected by crop rotation of rye and hairy vetch in welsh onion and red pepper cultivation, Korean J. Intl. Agric. 24, 412-416.

Lim, K.H., Choi, H.S., Na, Y.G., Song, J.H., Cho, Y.S., Choi, J.J., Choi, J.H., Jung, S.K., 2012. Nutrient contribution and growth of 'Niitaka' pear trees as affected by mix-seeding and single-seeding of rye and hairy vetch, Korean J. Intl. Agric. 24, 70-75.

Mehlich, A., 1984. Mehlich 3 soil test extractant: A modification of Mehlich 2 extractant, Commun. Soil Sci. Plan. 15, 1409-1416. crossref(new window)

Nelson, D.W., Sommers, L.E., 1996. Total carbon, organic carbon, and organic matter. in: Sparks, D.L. (Eds), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 3: Chemical Methods, Soil Science Society of America, Madison, pp. 961-1010.

Oh, S.J., Kim, S.C., Kim, T.H., Yeon, K.H., Lee, J.S., Yang, J.E., 2011. Determining kinetic parameters and stabilization efficiency of heavy metals with various chemical amendment, Korean. J. Soil Sci. Fert. 44, 1063-1070. crossref(new window)

Pitman, W.D., 1995 Ameliorating effects of alternative agriculture, in: Rechcigl, J.E. (Eds), Soil amendments : Impacts on biotic systems, Boca Raton, Florida, USA, pp. 215-250.

Sadiq, M., 1997. Arsenic chemistry in soils: an overview of thermodynamic predicitions and field observations, Water Air Soil Pollut. 93, 117-136.

Salt, D.E., Smith, R.D., Raskin, I., 1998. Phytoremediation, Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Plant Mol. Biol. 49, 643-668. crossref(new window)

Seo, J.H., Lee, H.J., Kim, S.J., Hur, I.B., 1998. Nitrogen release from hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) residue in relation to different tillages and plant growth stage, Korean. J. Soil Sci. Fert. 31, 137-142.

Seo, J.H., Lee, H.J., Hur, I.B., Kim, S.J., Kim, C.G., Jo, H.S., Lee, J.S., 2000. Nitrogen use and yield of silage corn as affected by Hairy vetch (Vicia villosa) soil incorporated at different time in spring, Korean J. Crop Sci. 45, 272-275.

Seo, J.H., Lee. H.J., 2003. Soil mineral nitrogen uptake and corn growth from hairy vetch with conventional and no-tillage systems, Korean J. Crop Sci. 48, 381-387.

Seo, J.H., Lee, J.E., Cho, Y.S., Lee, C.K., Yoon, Y.H., Kwon, Y.U., Ku, J.H., 2008. Effects of rye cover crop and conservation tillage system on weed occurrence and soybean seedling stand, Kor. J. Weed Sci. 28, 383-390.

Shen, H.J., Galston, A.W., 1985. Correlations between polyamine ratios and growth patterns in seedling roots, Plant Growth Regul. 3, 353-363. crossref(new window)

Silk, W.K., 2002. The kinematics of primary growth, in: Waisel, Y., Eshel, A., Kafkafi, U. (Eds), Plant roots, Marcel Dekker, New York, pp. 113-125.

Smolders, E., Mertens, J., 1995. Cadmium, in: Alloway, B.J. (Eds), Heavy metals in soils, Springer-Verlag, London, pp. 283-311.

Wang, S., Mulligan, C.N., 2009. Enhanced mobilization of arsenic and heavy metals from mine tailings by humic acid, Chemosphere 74, 274-279. crossref(new window)

Yasue, T., 1991. The change of cultivation and utilization of Chinese milk vetch (Astragalus sinicus L.) and the effect of fertilizer and soil fertility on paddy field as a green manure, Jpn. J. Crop Sci. 60, 583-592. crossref(new window)

Yin, X., Goudriaan, J., Lantinga, E.A., Vos, J., Spiertz, H.J., 2003. A flexible sigmoid function of determinate growth, Ann. Bot. 91, 361-371. crossref(new window)

Yoo, H.S., Park, T.S., Kim, M.S., 2001. Studies on weed control and phytotoxicity of herbicides in Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) upland, Kor. J. Intl. Agric. 13, 231-236.

Zhang X., Lin, L., Chen, M., Zhu, Z., Yang, W., Chen, B., An, Q., 2012. A nonpathogenic Fusarium oxysporum strain enhances phytoextraction of heavy metals by the hyperaccumulator Sedum alfredii Hance, J. Hazard. Mater. 229-230, 361-370. crossref(new window)