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Determining Effect of Oyster Shell on Cadmium Extractability and Mechanism of Immobilization in Arable Soil
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 Title & Authors
Determining Effect of Oyster Shell on Cadmium Extractability and Mechanism of Immobilization in Arable Soil
Hong, Chang-Oh; Noh, Yong-Dong; Kim, Sang-Yoon; Kim, Pil-Joo;
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 Abstract
BACKGROUND: Oyster shell(OS) is alkaline with pH 9.8, porous, and has high concentration of . It could be used as an alternative of lime fertilizer to immobilize cadmium(Cd) in heavy metal contaminated arable soil. Therefore, this study has been conducted to compare effects of calcium(Ca) materials [OS and ] on Cd extractability in contaminated soil and determined mechanisms of Cd immobilization with OS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Both Ca materials were added at the rates of 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.4, and 0.8% (wt Ca wt-1) in Cd contaminated soil and the mixtures were incubated at for 4 weeks. Both Ca materials increased pH and negative charge of soil with increasing Ca addition and decreased 1N extractable Cd concentration. 0.1 N HCl extractable Cd concentration markedly decreased with addition of OS. 1 N extractable Cd concentration was related with pH and net negative charge of soil, but not with 0.1 N HCl extractable Cd concentration. We assumed that Cd immobilization with was mainly attributed to Cd adsorption resulted from increase in pH-induced negative charge of soil. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) images and energy dispersive spectroscopy(EDS) analyses were conducted to determine mechanism of Cd immobilization with OS. There was no visible precipitation on surface of both Ca materials. However, Cd was detected in innerlayer of OS by EDS analyses but not in that of . CONCLUSION: We concluded that Cd immobilization with OS was different from that with . OS might adsorbed interlayer of oyster shell or have other chemical reactions.
 Keywords
Cadmium;Calcium hydroxide;Extractability;Immobilization;Oyster shell;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
The Effect of Bottom ash in Reducing Cadmium Phytoavailability in Cadmium-contaminated Soil, Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 2016, 35, 2, 152  crossref(new windwow)
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