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Influences of Silicate Fertilizer Application on Soil Properties and Red Pepper Productivity in Plastic Film House
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 Title & Authors
Influences of Silicate Fertilizer Application on Soil Properties and Red Pepper Productivity in Plastic Film House
Ahn, Byung-Koo; Han, Soo-Gon; Kim, Jong-Yeob; Kim, Kab-Cheol; Ko, Do-Young; Jeong, Seong-Soo; Lee, Jin-Ho;
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BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to investigate effects of silicate fertilizer application on red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) productivity with improving soil chemistry under plastic film house in paddy field. METHODS AND RESULTS: The silicate fertilizer was applied as 0, 100, 200, and 300 kg/10a as basal dressing before transplanting pepper plant seedlings. Cultivar of the pepper plant was Cheon-Ha-Dae-Se. Amounts of inorganic fertilizer applied as =19.0-6.4-10.1kg/10a was estimated depending on soil test values. After applying 50% of nitrogen, 100% of phosphorus, and 60% of potassium fertilizers as basal dressing, the seedlings of pepper plant were transplanted. The rests of nitrogen and potassium fertilizers were applied as side-dressing after the first, second, and fourth harvests of red pepper. When comparing selected chemical properties of soils between before transplanting and after final(the fifth) harvest, soil pH, available , and exchangeable increased with increasing the applications of silicate fertilizer, whereas electrical conductivity(EC) decreased. However, exchangeable was higher with the treatments of 100 and 200 kg/10a, and exchangeable was higher with 300 kg/10a application. In addition, nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations of red pepper collected from the first harvesting stage decreased with increasing the applications of silicate fertilizer, but potassium, calcium, and magnesium concentrations in red pepper were highest with 300 kg/10a application. Yield of red pepper increased between 9.0 and 11.8% with the applications of silicate fertilizer. Marketable fruit rate of res pepper was highest(97.3%) with 200 kg/10a application. CONCLUSION: The application of silicate fertilizer as basal dressing in paddy-converted fields improved soil chemistry and increased red pepper productivity.
Paddy-converted field;Red pepper(Capsicum annuum L.);Silicate fertilizer;Soil chemistry;
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