Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Influences of Silicate Fertilizer Application on Soil Properties and Red Pepper Productivity in Plastic Film House
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Influences of Silicate Fertilizer Application on Soil Properties and Red Pepper Productivity in Plastic Film House
Ahn, Byung-Koo; Han, Soo-Gon; Kim, Jong-Yeob; Kim, Kab-Cheol; Ko, Do-Young; Jeong, Seong-Soo; Lee, Jin-Ho;
  PDF(new window)
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to investigate effects of silicate fertilizer application on red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) productivity with improving soil chemistry under plastic film house in paddy field. METHODS AND RESULTS: The silicate fertilizer was applied as 0, 100, 200, and 300 kg/10a as basal dressing before transplanting pepper plant seedlings. Cultivar of the pepper plant was Cheon-Ha-Dae-Se. Amounts of inorganic fertilizer applied as =19.0-6.4-10.1kg/10a was estimated depending on soil test values. After applying 50% of nitrogen, 100% of phosphorus, and 60% of potassium fertilizers as basal dressing, the seedlings of pepper plant were transplanted. The rests of nitrogen and potassium fertilizers were applied as side-dressing after the first, second, and fourth harvests of red pepper. When comparing selected chemical properties of soils between before transplanting and after final(the fifth) harvest, soil pH, available , and exchangeable increased with increasing the applications of silicate fertilizer, whereas electrical conductivity(EC) decreased. However, exchangeable was higher with the treatments of 100 and 200 kg/10a, and exchangeable was higher with 300 kg/10a application. In addition, nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations of red pepper collected from the first harvesting stage decreased with increasing the applications of silicate fertilizer, but potassium, calcium, and magnesium concentrations in red pepper were highest with 300 kg/10a application. Yield of red pepper increased between 9.0 and 11.8% with the applications of silicate fertilizer. Marketable fruit rate of res pepper was highest(97.3%) with 200 kg/10a application. CONCLUSION: The application of silicate fertilizer as basal dressing in paddy-converted fields improved soil chemistry and increased red pepper productivity.
Paddy-converted field;Red pepper(Capsicum annuum L.);Silicate fertilizer;Soil chemistry;
 Cited by
시설수박에 대한 수용성 규산칼륨 토양관주 효과,김영상;강효중;김태일;정택구;한종우;김익제;남상영;김기인;

시설원예ㆍ식물공장, 2015. vol.24. 3, pp.235-242 crossref(new window)
Effects of Granular Silicate on Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus var. lanatus) Growth, Yield, and Characteristics of Soil Under Greenhouse, Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 2015, 48, 5, 456  crossref(new windwow)
Aoki, M., Ogawa, M., 1997. Influence of silicon on the blossom-end rot and growth of tomato, J. Sci. Soil Manure. 48, 156-159.

Bae, M.J., Park, Y.G., Jeong, B.R., 2010. Effect of a silicate fertilizer supplemented to a medium on the growth and development of potted plants, Glower Res. J. 18, 50-56.

Bosland, P.W., 1996. The chile industry in the western region of the USA, J. Kor. Capsicum. Res. Coop. 4, 1-9.

Cho, H.J., Choi, H.Y., Lee, Y.W., Lee, Y.J., Chung, J.B., 2004. Availability of silicate fertilizer and its effect on soil pH in upland soils, Korean J. Environ. Agric. 23, 104-110. crossref(new window)

Epstein, E., 1994. The anomaly of silicon in plant, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 91, 11-17. crossref(new window)

Gee, G.W., Bauder, J.W., 1986. Particle size analysis. In Methods of soil analysis, Part In A. Klute, pp. 383-411. second ed. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, USA.

Harvell, K.P., Bosland, P.W., 1997. The environment produces a significant effect on pungency of chilles, Hort. Sci. 32, 1292.

Joo, J.H., Lee, S.B., 2011. Assessment of silicate fertilizers application affecting soil properties in paddy field, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 44, 1016-1022. crossref(new window)

Keeping, M.G., Meyer, J.H., 2006. Silicon-mediated resistance of sugarcane to Eldana saccharina Walker(Lepidoptera: Pyralidate): Effects of silicon source and cultivar, J. Appl. Entomol. 130, 410-420. crossref(new window)

Kim, M.S., Kim, Y.H., Hyun, B.K., Yang, J.E., Zhang, Y.S., Yun, H.B., Sonn, Y.K., Lee, Y.J., Ha, S.K., 2011. Rice yield and changes of available silicate in paddy soils from long-term application of chemical fertilizers and soil amendments, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 44, 1118-1123. crossref(new window)

Lee, C.H., Yang, M.S., Chang, K.W., Lee, Y.B., Chung, K.Y., Kim, P.J., 2005. Reducing nitrogen fertilization level of rice(Oryza sativa L.) by silicate application in Korean paddy soil, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 38, 194-201.

Lee, J.S., Yiem, M.S., 2000. Effect of soluble silicon on development of powdery mildew(Sphaerotheca fuliginea ) in cucumber plants, Korean J. Pestic. Sci. 4, 37-43.

Lee, S.H., Cho, H.J., Shin, H.J., Shin, Y.S., Park, S.D., Kim, B.J., Chung, J.B., 2003. Effect of silicate fertilizer on oriental melon in plastic film house, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 36, 407-416.

Lee, Y.B., Kim, P.J., 2006. Effects of silicate fertilizer on increasing phosphate availability in salt accumulated soil during Chinese cabbage cultivation, Korean J. Soil Sci. Fert. 39, 8-14.

Ma, J.F., 2004. Role of silicon in enhancing the resistance of plants to biotic and abiotic stress, Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 50, 11-18. crossref(new window)

Mitani, N., Ma, J.F., 2005. Uptake system of silicon in different plant species, J. Expt. Bot. 56, 1255-1261. crossref(new window)

Miyake, Y., Takahashi, E., 1983. Effect of silicon on the growth of solution cultured cucumber plant, Soil Sci. Plant Nutr. 29, 71-83. crossref(new window)

NAAS(National Academy of Agricultural Science). 2010. Methods of soil chemical analysis, Rural Development Administration, Korea. ISBN : 978-89-480-0913-2 93520.

Ryu, N.H., Choi, M.Y., Ryu, Y.J., Cho, H.J., Lee, Y.S., Lee, Y.D., Chung, J.B., 2003. Suppression of powdery mildew development in oriental melon by silicate fertilizer, Korean. J. Envrion. Agric. 22, 255-260. crossref(new window)

Sivanesan, I., Son, M.S., Lee, J.P., Jeong, B.R., 2010. Effects of silicon on growth of Tagetes patula L. 'Boy Orange' and Yellow Boy seedlings cultured in an environment controlled chamber, Propagation Ornamental Plants 10, 136-140.

Sommer, A.H., 1926. Studies concerning the essential nature of aluminium and silicon for plant growth, Univ. California Publ. Agric. Sci. 5, 57.

Son, M.S., Oh, H.J., Song, J.Y., Lim, M.Y., Sivanesan, I., Jeong, B.R., 2012. Effect of silicon source and application method on growth of kalanchoe Peperu, Kor. J. Hort. Sci. Technol. 30, 250-255. crossref(new window)

Suehisa, R.H., Young, O.R., Sherman, D.G., 1963. Effects of silicates on phosphorus availability to sudangrass grown on Hawaiian soils, Hawaii Agric. Exp. Stn. Bull. p. 51.

Van der Vorm, P.D.J., 1980. Uptake of Si by five plant species as influenced by variations in Si-supply. Plant and Soil 56, 153-156. crossref(new window)

Won, J.G., Kim, S.J., Ahn, D.J., Seo, Y.J., Choi, C.D., Lee, S.C., 2008. Effect of silicate application on grain quality and storage characteristics in rice, Korean J. Crop. Sci. 53, 31-36.