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Characteristics of Population Dynamics and Habitat Use of Shorebirds in Rice Fields during Spring Migration
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 Title & Authors
Characteristics of Population Dynamics and Habitat Use of Shorebirds in Rice Fields during Spring Migration
Choi, Seung-Hye; Nam, Hyung-Kyu; Yoo, Jeong-Chil;
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 Abstract
BACKGROUND: Shorebirds use a variety of wetlands as their stopover sites to replenish energy and nutrient reserves along the migration route. It is increasingly important to understand how birds use the remaining available habitats during migration period, because shorebird stopover sites are often altered and destroyed. Rice fields serve as a major inland stopover site for migrating shorebirds. However, the information on habitat use patterns of shorebirds in rice fields is very limited in Korea. Therefore, we studied the patterns of shorebird abundance and their habitat use in rice fields during spring migration period in western-central Korea. METHODS AND RESULTS: Surveys were conducted at interval of 2-3 days during the spring migration period of 2014 at rice fields of mid-western Korea. We recorded the location of the observed birds on the rice field map according to the local habitat type. The habitat types were divided by physical structure and cultivation methods. Fifteen shorebird species and 7,852 individuals were recorded during the survey period. The number of shorebird species and their abundance began to increase from the beginning of flooding in late-April, and reached a maximum in early-May. After rice transplantation, the number of shorebird species and their abundance dramatically declined. Shorebirds selectively used paddy and levee rather than road and ditch and most species used shallow depth field type. Plowed field types were less attractive to most species. CONCLUSION: Flooding rice fields were functioned as stopover sites for a variety of shorebird species during spring migration period. Furthermore, these results provide that the appropriate agricultural practices can be improving the habitat quality for shorebirds.
 Keywords
Flood fields;Microhabitat;Rice field;Shorebirds;Stopover site;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Influence of Foraging Behaviors of Shorebirds on Habitat use in Rice Fields During Spring Migration, Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 2015, 34, 3, 178  crossref(new windwow)
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