Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Monitoring of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylene (BTEX) Residues in Arable Lands around Oil Reservoir
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Monitoring of Benzene, Toluene, Ethylbenzene and Xylene (BTEX) Residues in Arable Lands around Oil Reservoir
Lim, Sung-Jin; Kim, Jin-Hyo; Choi, Geun-Hyoung; Cho, Nam-Jun; Hong, Jin-Hwan; Park, Byung-Jun;
  PDF(new window)
BACKGROUND: Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX), which are volatile aromatic hydrocarbons and main constituents of gasoline, are neuro-carcinogenic organic pollutants in soil and groundwater. Korea Ministry of Environment has established the maximum permissible level of BTEX in arable soil to 1, 20, 50 and 15 mg/kg, respectively. METHODS AND RESULTS: To understand an arable soil contamination by BTEX, we collected 92 samples from the arable lands around oil reservoir, and analyzed the BTEX residue using a GC-MS with head-space sampler. A linear correlation between BTEX concentration and peak areas was detected with coefficient correlations in the range of 0.9807-0.9995. The method LOQ of BTEX was 0.002, 0.014, 0.084, and 0.038 mg/kg, respectively. Recoveries of 0.5 mg/kg BTEX were found to be 73.7-96.9%. The precision was reliable since RSD percentage (0.7-7.5%) was below 30, which was the normal percent value. Also, BTEX in all samples were detected under the LOQ. CONCLUSION: These results showed that the investigated arable soils around airport and oil reservoir in Korea were not contaminated by oils.
Arable lands;BTEX;Head-space;Monitoring;Oil;
 Cited by
Bowlen, G.F., Kosson, D.S., Young, L., 1995. In situ processes for bioremediation of BTEX and petroleum fuel products, Microbial transformations and degradation of toxic organic chemicals, Willy-Liss Inc., New York, USA, pp. 515-542.

Caselli, M., de Gennaro, G., Marzocca, A., Trizio, L., Tutino, M., 2010. Assessment of the impact of the vehicular traffic on BTEX concentration in ring roads in urban areas of Bari Italy, Chemosphere 81, 306-311. crossref(new window)

Choi, H.M., Lee, J.Y., 2011. Groundwater contamination and natural attenuation capacity at a petroleum spilled facility in Korea, J. Environ. Sci. 23, 1650-1659. crossref(new window)

Dean, B.J., 1985. Recent findings on the genetic toxicology of benzene, toluene, xylenes and phenols, Mutation Research/Reviews in Genetic Toxicology 154, 153-181. crossref(new window)

Johnston, C.D., Rayner, J.L., Patterson, B.M., Davis, G.B., 1998. Volatilisation and biodegradation during air sparging of dissolved BTEX-contaminated groundwater, J. Contam. Hydrol. 33, 377-404. crossref(new window)

Li, J., Zhang, J., Lu, Y., Chen, Y., Dong, S., Shim, H., 2012. Determination of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) in agricultural soils near a petrochemical complex in Guangzhou, China. Environmental monitoring and assessment 184, 281-287. crossref(new window)

Matin, A.A., Biparva, P., Gheshlaghi, M., Farhadi, K., Gheshlaghi, A., 2013. Environmental monitoring of complex hydrocarbon mixtures in water and soil samples after solid phase microextraction using PVC/MWCNTs nanocomposite fiber, Chemosphere 93, 1920-1926. crossref(new window)

Miller, L., Xu, X., Grgicak-Mannion, A., Brook, J., Wheeler, A., 2012. Multi-season, multi-year concentrations amongst the BTEX group of VOCs in an urbanized industrial city, Atmos. Environ. 61, 305-315. crossref(new window)

Pawlowski, M.H., 1998. Analytical and field test methods for measuring BTEX metabolite occurrence and transport in groundwater, p. 1, Oregon states University Corvallis Department of Chemistry, Defense Technical Information Center, Oregon, USA.

Reinhard, M., Barker, J.F., Goodman, N.L., 1984. Occurrence and distribution of organic chemicals in two landfill leachate plumes, Environ. Sci. Technol. 18, 953-961. crossref(new window)

Smith, M.R., 1990. The biodegradation of aromatic hydrocarbons by bacteria, Biodegradation 1, 191-206 crossref(new window)