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Stability of Matrine and Oxymatrine from the Biopesticide from Sophora flavescens under Aquatic and Soil Environment
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 Title & Authors
Stability of Matrine and Oxymatrine from the Biopesticide from Sophora flavescens under Aquatic and Soil Environment
Kim, Jin Hyo; Choi, Geun-Hyoung; Lim, Sung-Jin; Park, Byung-Jun;
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 Abstract
BACKGROUND: The stabilities of the two alkaloidal insecticides of S. flavescens including matrine and oxymatrine are important factor to establish expiry date and usage manual for crop protection. However, the environmental stability of the compounds had not been studied with the extract and its commercial biopesticide. METHODS AND RESULTS: The environmental stabilities of the two alkaloids were performed with extract of S. flavescens, and its two commercial biopesticides both in controlled aquatic and soil conditions. The half-lives of the total matrines for the extract and its two commercial biopesticides were estimated over 200 days both under aerobic and anaerobic water condition. Under dry soil condition, the initial decay rates of the matrines were calculated 0.0804-0.1275 ( 5.4-8.6 days), and the half-lives under wet soil condition were calculated 33.0-231 days. Total soil bacteria on the wet soil ranged 6.0-8.0 log CFU/g-soil during the experiments period. CONCLUSION: The aquatic mixture of the extract showed excellent stability both with the extract and its biopesticides, however, the stability of soil mixture were shorter than the aquatic mixture, suggesting that soil metal consider as a catalyst for the degradation of the two alkaloids.
 Keywords
Biopesticide;matrine;Environmental stability;Sophora flavescens extract;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
님 또는 고삼추출물을 주원료로 하는 작물병해충 관리용 유기농업자재의 유효성분 열 안정성,김진효;최근형;강재은;박병준;

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