Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of EFD-1 and PC-10 deicers on Growth of Wheat, Barley and Spinach
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of EFD-1 and PC-10 deicers on Growth of Wheat, Barley and Spinach
Lee, Dae-Weon;
  PDF(new window)
BACKGROUND: During the winter, the use of deicers was rapidly increased for reduction of traffic accidents as well as injuries in Korea, whose components are largely comprised of calcium chloride and sodium chloride. Recently, to reduce the adverse effects of chloride-deciers such as pollution of water and soil, and decrease of agricultural productivity, the attention of eco-friendly deciers have been increased. This study aimed to investigate biological effects of magnesium chloride deicer (PC-10) and organic acid deicer (EFD-1) against wheat, barley, and spinach. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined the effect of two deciers, PC-10 and EFD-1 on the seed germination and growth of wheat, barley and spinach. EFD-1 showed higher suppression of the germination than PC-10 among tested crop seeds. In demage index of the seedlings of the crops, there was no symptoms in spinach such as spotting and color change of leaves. EFD-1 showed much stronger inhibitory effect on the germination of tested crop seeds than PC-10 when crops were exposed continuously to tested deciers in soils. The growth and shoot and root in examined crops was relatively higher in PC-10 treatment than in EFD-1 treatment when compared to the control. The biomass decrease was found in all examined conditions of deciers. PC-10 showed 23-35% reduction of biomass whereas EFD-1 exhibited 39-84% loss in all examined crops at over 2% concentration. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that the effects of deicers used in this study by inputting into soil against growing tested crops cause the reduction of germination of seeds, growth, and biomass compared to the control.
 Cited by
Bryson, G. M., & Barker, A. V. (2002). Sodium accumulation in soils and plants along Massachusetts roadsides. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 33(1-2), 67-78. crossref(new window)

Chun, I. S., & Kim, S. W. (1995). Effects of calcium chloride on freezing and thawing of high early strength cement. Journal of the Industrial Technology Institute, 3, 141-154.

Greenway, H., & Munns, R. (1980). Mechanisms of salt tolerance in nonhalophytes. Annual review of plant physiology, 31(1), 149-190. crossref(new window)

Gibbs, J. N., & Burdekin, D. A. (1983). De-icing salt and crown damage to London plane. Arboricultural Journal, 7(3), 227-237. crossref(new window)

Kim, S. I., & Lee, D. W. (2014). Effect on chloride-deicers on growth of wheat, barley and spinach. The Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 33(4), 350-357. crossref(new window)

Lee, J. J., Park, R. D., Kim, Y. W., Shim, J. H., Chae, D. H., Rim, Y. S., Sohn, B. K., Kim, T. W., & Kim, K. Y. (2004). Effect of food waste compost on microbial population, soil enzyme activity and lettuce growth. Bioresource Technology, 93(1), 21-28. crossref(new window)

Lee, S. W., Woo, C. W., Kim, J. O., & Park, H. M. (2005). Deicing performing of environment-friendly deicing agents. Journal of Korean Society of Road Engineers, 7(3), 53-62.

Maas, E. V., & Poss, J. A., (1989). Salt sensitivity of cowpea at various growth stages. Irrigation Science, 10(4), 313-320.

Salcedo, R. N., & Jensen, W. N. (1987). Corrosivity Tests Pit Road Salt vs. CMA. Public Works, 118(Nov), 58-61.

Shin, S. S., Park, S. D., Kim, H. S., & Lee, K. S. (2010). Effects of Calcium Chloride and Eco-Friendly Deicer on the Plant Growth. Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers, 32(5), 487-498.

Shin, S. S., Shin, E. J., Park, S. D., & Lee, K. S., (2012). Effect of deicers on germination of buried seeds in topsoil of old field. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 16(4), 538-546. crossref(new window)

Taiz, L., & Zeiger, E. (2002). Plant Physiology, p. 690, 3rd ed. Sinauer Assocites Inc., Sundeland, MA, USA.

Viskari, E. L., & Karenlampi, L., (2000). Road Scots pine as an indicator of deicing salt use-a comparative study form two consecutive winters. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, 122(3-4), 405-409. crossref(new window)

Wilson, C., Lesch, S. M., & Grieve, C. M. (2000). Growth stage modulates salinity tolerance of New Zealand spinach (Tetragonia tetragonioides, Pall.) and Red Orach (Atriplex hortensis L.). Annals of Botany, 85(4), 501-509. crossref(new window)