JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of Supplementary Radiation on Growth of Greenhouse-Grown Kales
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Effect of Supplementary Radiation on Growth of Greenhouse-Grown Kales
Heo, Jeong-Wook; Kim, Hyeon-Hwan; Lee, Kwang-Jae; Yoon, Jung-Boem; Lee, Joung-Kwan; Huh, Yoon-Sun; Lee, Ki-Yeol;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
BACKGROUND: For commercial production of greenhouse crops under shorter day length condition, supplementary radiation has been usually achieved by the artificial light source with higher electric consumption such as high-pressure sodium, metal halide, or incandescent lamps. Light-Emitting Diodes (LEDs) with several characteristics, however, have been considered as a novel light source for plant production. Effects of supplementary lighting provided by the artificial light sources on growth of Kale seedlings during shorter day length were discussed in this experiment. METHODS AND RESULTS: Kale seedlings were grown under greenhouse under the three wave lamps (3 W), sodium lamps (Na), and red LEDs (peak at 630 nm) during six months, and leaf growth was observed at intervals of about 30 days after light exposure for 6 hours per day at sunrise and sunset. Photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) of supplementary red LEDs on the plant canopy was maintained at 0.1 (RL), 0.6 (RM), and PPF. PPF in 3 W and Na treatments was measured at . Natural light (NL) was considered as a control. Leaf fresh weight of the seedlings was more than 100% increased under the 3 W, Na and RH treatment compared to natural light considering as a conventional condition. Sugar synthesis in Kale leaves was significantly promoted by the RM or RH treatment. Leaf yield per exposed by red LEDs of PPF was 9% and 16% greater than in 3W or Na with a higher PPF, respectively. CONCLUSION: Growth of the leafy Kale seedlings were significantly affected by the supplementary radiation provided by three wave lamp, sodium lamp, and red LEDs with different light intensities during the shorter day length under greenhouse conditions. From this study, it was suggested that the leaf growth and secondary metabolism of Kale seedlings can be controlled by supplementary radiation using red LEDs of PPF as well as three wave or sodium lamps in the experiment.
 Keywords
Brassica oleracea;Conventional production;Light-emitting diode;Sugar synthesis;Yield;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
 References
1.
Albright, L. D. (1997). Greenhouse thermal environment and light control. In Plant Production in Closed Ecosystems (pp. 33-47). Springer Netherlands.

2.
Bula, R. J., Morrow, R. C., Tibbitts, T. W., Barta, D. J., Ignatius, R. W., & Martin, T. S. (1991). Light-emitting diodes as a radiation source for plants. HortScience, 26(2), 203-205.

3.
Barreiro, R., Guiamet, J. J., Beltrano, J., & Montaldi, E. R. (1992). Regulation of the photosynthetic capacity of primary bean leaves by the red: far-red ratio and photosynthetic photon flux density of incident light. Physiologia Plantarum, 85(1), 97-101. crossref(new window)

4.
Boo, H., Shin, K., Heo, J., Jeong, J., & Paek, K. (2000, November). Betalain synthesis by hairy root of red beet cultured in vitro under different light quality. In IV International ISHS Symposium on Artificial Lighting 580 (pp. 209-214).

5.
Chen, C. C., Huang, M. Y., Lin, K. H., Wong, S. L., Huang, W. D., & Yang, C. M. (2014). Effects of Light Quality on the Growth, Development and Metabolism of Rice Seedlings (Oryza sativa L.). Research Journal of Biotechnology, 9(4), 15-24.

6.
Dong, C., Fu, Y., Liu, G., & Liu, H. (2014). Growth, Photosynthetic Characteristics, Antioxidant Capacity and Biomass Yield and Quality of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Exposed to LED Light Sources with Different Spectra Combinations. Journal of agronomy and crop science, 200(3), 219-230. crossref(new window)

7.
Dorais, M. (2003, October). The use of supplemental lighting for vegetable crop production: light intensity, crop response, nutrition, crop management, cultural practices. In Canadial Greenhouse Conference, 1-8.

8.
Eskins, K. (1992). Light-quality effects on Arabidopsis development. Red, blue and far-red regulation of flowering and morphology. Physiologia Plantarum, 86(3), 439-444. crossref(new window)

9.
Farina, E., & Veruggio, R. (1995, February). The effects of high-intensity lighting on flower yield of rose "Dallas". In II International Rose Symposium 424 (pp. 35-40).

10.
Goins, G. D., Ruffe, L. M., Cranston, N. A., Yorio, N. C., Wheeler, R. M., & Sager, J. C. (2001). Salad crop production under different wavelengths of red lightemitting diodes (LEDs) (No. 2001-01-2422). SAE Technical Paper.

11.
Gomez, C., Morrow, R. C., Bourget, C. M., Massa, G. D., & Mitchell, C. A. (2013). Comparison of intracanopy light-emitting diode towers and overhead highpressure sodium lamps for supplemental lighting of greenhouse-grown tomatoes. HortTechnology, 23(1), 93-98.

12.
Heo, J. W., Kim, D. E., Han, K. S., & Kim, S. J. (2013). Effect of Light-Quality Control on Growth of Ledebouriella seseloides Grown in Plant Factory of an Artificial Light Type. The Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 32(3), 193-200. crossref(new window)

13.
Heo, J., Lee, J., Hong, S., & Kang, K. (2011a). Effects of light quality and intensity on the growth of cut roses under greenhouse conditions. Japan Biology & Environmental Engineer & Scientists Conference, 86-87.

14.
Heo, J. W., Lee, Y. B., Bang, H. S., Hong, S. G., & Kang, K. K. (2011b). Supplementary blue and red radiation at sunrise and sunset influences growth of Ageratum, African Marigold, and Salvia plants. The Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 30(4), 382-389. crossref(new window)

15.
Heo, J., Lee, C., Chakrabarty, D., & Paek, K. (2002). Growth responses of marigold and salvia bedding plants as affected by monochromic or mixture radiation provided by a Light-Emitting Diode (LED). Plant Growth Regulation, 38(3), 225-230. crossref(new window)

16.
Heo, J. W., Lee, C. W., Murthy, H. N., & Paek, K. Y. (2003). Influence of light quality and photoperiod on flowering of Cyclamen persicum Mill. cv.'Dixie White'. Plant Growth Regulation, 40(1), 7-10. crossref(new window)

17.
Heo, J. W., Lee, C. W., & Paek, K. Y. (2006). Influence of mixed LED radiation on the growth of annual plants. Journal of Plant Biology, 49(4), 286-290. crossref(new window)

18.
Heo, J. W., Shin, K. S., Kim, S. K., & Paek, K. Y. (2006). Light quality affectsin Vitro growth of grape 'Teleki 5BB'. Journal of Plant Biology, 49(4), 276-280. crossref(new window)

19.
Heo, J. W., Lee, Y. B., Lee, D. B., & Chun, C. H. (2009). Light quality affects growth, net photosynthetic rate, and ethylene production of ageratum, African marigold, and salvia seedlings. The Korean Journal of Horticultural Science & Technology, 27(2), 187-193.

20.
Heo, J. W., Lee, Y. B., Kim, D. E., Chang, Y. S., & Chun, C. (2010). Effects of supplementary LED lighting on growth and biochemical parameters in Dieffenbachia amoena 'Camella' and Ficus elastica 'Melany'. The Korean Journal of Horticultural Science & Technology, 28(1), 51-58.

21.
Hoenecke, M. E., Bula, R. J., & Tibbitts, T. W. (1992). Importance of "Blue" Photon Levels for Lettuce Seedlings Grown under Red-light-emitting Diodes. HortScience, 27(5), 427-430.

22.
Hunter, D. C., & Burritt, D. J. (2004). Light quality influences adventitious shoot production from cotyledon explants of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.). In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Plant, 40(2), 215-220. crossref(new window)

23.
Lefsrud, M. G., Kopsell, D. A., & Sams, C. E. (2008). Irradiance from distinct wavelength light-emitting diodes affect secondary metabolites in kale. HortScience, 43(7), 2243-2244.

24.
Li, Q., & Kubota, C. (2009). Effects of supplemental light quality on growth and phytochemicals of baby leaf lettuce. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 67(1), 59-64. crossref(new window)

25.
Lin, K. H., Huang, M. Y., Huang, W. D., Hsu, M. H., Yang, Z. W., & Yang, C. M. (2013). The effects of red, blue, and white light-emitting diodes on the growth, development, and edible quality of hydroponically grown lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata). Scientia Horticulturae, 150, 86-91. crossref(new window)

26.
Massa, G. D., Kim, H. H., Wheeler, R. M., & Mitchell, C. A. (2008). Plant productivity in response to LED lighting. HortScience, 43(7), 1951-1956.

27.
Moe, R., Grimstad, S. O., & Gislerod, H. R. (2005, June). The use of artificial light in year round production of greenhouse crops in Norway. In V International Symposium on Artificial Lighting in Horticulture 711 (pp. 35-42).

28.
Morrow, R. C. (2008). LED lighting in horticulture. HortScience, 43(7), 1947-1950.

29.
Noichinda, S., Bodhipadma, K., Mahamontri, C., Narongruk, T., & Ketsa, S. (2007). Light during storage prevents loss of ascorbic acid, and increases glucose and fructose levels in Chinese kale (Brassica oleracea var. alboglabra). Postharvest biology and technology, 44(3), 312-315. crossref(new window)

30.
Olle, M., & Virsile, A. (2013). The effects of light-emitting diode lighting on greenhouse plant growth and quality. Agricultural and Food Science, 22(2), 223-234.

31.
Rufty, T. W., & Huber, S. C. (1983). Changes in starch formation and activities of sucrose phosphate synthase and cytoplasmic fructose-1, 6-bisphosphatase in response to source-sink alterations. Plant Physiology, 72(2), 474-480. crossref(new window)

32.
Samuolienė, G., Sirtautas, R., Brazaityte, A., Virsilė, A., & Duchovskis, P. (2012). Supplementary red-LED lighting and the changes in phytochemical content of two baby leaf lettuce varieties during three seasons. Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, 10, 701-706.

33.
Shiga, T., Shoji, K., Shimada, H., Hashida, S. N., Goto, F., & Yoshihara, T. (2009). Effect of light quality on rosmarinic acid content and antioxidant activity of sweet basil, Ocimum basilicum L. Plant biotechnology, 26(2), 255-259. crossref(new window)

34.
Tanaka, M., Takamura, T., Watanabe, H., Endo, M., Yanagi, T., & Okamoto, K. (1998). In vitro growth of Cymbidium plantlets cultured under superbright red and blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology (United Kingdom), 73(1), 39-44.

35.
Velasco, P., Francisco, M., Moreno, D. A., Ferreres, F., Garcia-Viguera, C., & Cartea, M. E. (2011). Phytochemical fingerprinting of vegetable Brassica oleracea and Brassica napus by simultaneous identification of glucosinolates and phenolics. Phytochemical Analysis, 22(2), 144-152. crossref(new window)

36.
Yanagi, T., Okamoto, K., & Takita, S. (1996, August). Effects of blue, red, and blue/red lights of two different PPF levels on growth and morphogenesis of lettuce plants. In International Symposium on Plant Production in Closed Ecosystems 440 (pp. 117-122).