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Residue Patterns of Active Ingredients Derived from Melia Azedarach, Nerium Ndicum, and Coptis Chinensis in Rice Using LC-MS/MS
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 Title & Authors
Residue Patterns of Active Ingredients Derived from Melia Azedarach, Nerium Ndicum, and Coptis Chinensis in Rice Using LC-MS/MS
Park, Joon-Seong; Nam, Hyo-Song; Kim, Yong-Hwan; Kim, Do-ik; Kim, Sun-Am;
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BACKGROUND: Plant extracts have been used as environment friendly agricultural materials for organic farming in South Korea. However safety evaluation on the plant extracts was not properly tested. The aim of this study was to evaluate safety of the extracts from Melia azedarach, Nerium indicum and Coptis chinensis on cultivating rice. METHODS AND RESULTS: Pant extarcts 300-fold diluted were treated on rice, and residues of M. azedarach, N. indicum and C. chinensis were determined. The analytes from the rice samples were detected by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The method was validated, and good linearities (), specificity, and recoveries were obtained. Limits of detection were 0.01 mg/kg for all of the target compounds. Recoveries were 79.3-118.3% at 0.1 mg/kg and 75.2-111.5% at 0.5 mg/kg. The residue levels were below 0.030 mg/kg for azadirachtin, 0.320 mg/kg for oleandrin and 1.460 mg/kg for berberine. CONCLUSION(S): The extracts of M. azedarach, N. indicum and C. chinensis contained azadirachtin, oleandrin and berberine as an active ingredient, respectively. The residue of three active ingredients dramatically decreased after treatment in all fruits, stems and roots of rice.
Environmental-friendly material;LC-MS/MS;Plant extract;Residue;
 Cited by
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