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Soil Contamination of Heavy Metals in National Industrial Complexes, Korea
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 Title & Authors
Soil Contamination of Heavy Metals in National Industrial Complexes, Korea
Jeong, Tae-Uk; Cho, Eun-Jeong; Jeong, Jae-Eun; Ji, Hwa-Seong; Lee, Kyeong-Sim; Yoo, Pyung-Jong; Kim, Gi-Gon; Choi, Ji-Yeon; Park, Jong-Hwan; Kim, Seong-Heon; Heo, Jong-Soo; Seo, Dong-Cheol;
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BACKGROUND: Contamination of soils by heavy metals is the serious environmental problem. In particular, industrial processing is one of the main sources of heavy metal contamination. The objective of this study was to investigate the distribution characteristics of heavy metals in soils collected from industrial complex. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this study, the soil contamination and enrichment factor (EF) of heavy metals were investigated in three national industrial complexes such as Yeosu, Ulsan and Sihwa Banwal industrial complexes. The target heavy metals includes Cd, Cu, As, Hg, Pb, Cr, Zn, and Ni. The results showed that the contents of Cd, Hg, Pb, Zn and Ni in Yeosu and the contents of Cu, As and Cr in Sihwa Banwal were higher than in any other industrial complex. The results of principal component analysis(PCA) in Yeosu, Ulsan and Sihwa Banwal complex could be explained up to approximately 81.4, 69.1 and 70.9% by two factor, respectively. Enrichment factors of Cd, Pb and Zn in all the investigated industrial complexes were above 1.0 that was the value judged to be a high contamination. And EF of Cr was above 1.0 in Sihwa Banwal complex. EF of Zn in all sites was generally high from the other heavy metals. CONCLUSION: Therefore, soils maybe significantly affected by heavy metals (especially, Cd, Pb and Zn) present in the emissions from industrial complexes.
Distribution characteristics;Enrichment factor;Heavy metals;Industrial complex;
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