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Characteristics of Flora on Dry Field Margins in Korean Peninsula
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 Title & Authors
Characteristics of Flora on Dry Field Margins in Korean Peninsula
Kim, Myung-Hyun; Choi, Soon-Kun; Kim, Min-Kyeong; Choe, Lak-Jung; Hong, Seong-Chang; Jung, Goo-Bok; Cho, Kwang-Jin; Han, Donguk; Oh, Young-Ju; Lee, Wook-Jae; Yang, Dongwoo; Park, Sangkyu; Na, Young-Eun;
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BACKGROUND: The field margins, which are uncultivated area of permanent vegetation located adjacent to field, play an important role in enhancing biodiversity in the agricultural ecosystem. This study focused on floristic characteristics on dry field margins in Korea Peninsula. METHODS AND RESULTS: This study was conducted at margins of 196 dry fields in 32 areas in 8 provinces in May and September 2013. The vascular plants of the dry field margins were listed 347 taxa which contain 73 families, 219 genera, 311 species, 1 subspecies, 30 varieties and 5 forms. Of these 347 taxa, 48 taxa were woody plants and 299 taxa were herbaceous plants. Among total 73 families, Compositae (17.6%) was the most dominant family, and followed Gramineae (15.9%), Polygonaceae (5.8%), Leguminosae (4.9%) and Cyperaceae (3.8%). Based on relative frequency values of survey fields, the appearance frequency of Digitaria ciliaris (89.8%) was the highest, and followed Acalypha australis (86.2%), Artemisia princeps (82.1%), Commelina communis (80.6%) and Portulaca oleracea (80.6%). Disturbance index of dry field margins was 55.0% at national level, and Gangwon region was the highest among the 8 regions at regional level. Life form spectrum was determined to be . CONCLUSION: These results will be used fundamental data for studies to improve or even stabilize the current state of plant biodiversity in agricultural environments.
Disturbance index;Dry field margin;Flora;Life forme;
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