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Changes in Carotenoid Contents of Colored Pumpkin (Cucurbita spp.) Germplasms
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 Title & Authors
Changes in Carotenoid Contents of Colored Pumpkin (Cucurbita spp.) Germplasms
Lee, Min-Ki; Cho, Soo-Yeon; Cho, Soo-Jung; Shin, Jae-Hyeong; Kim, Heon-Woong; Kim, Sang-Gyu; Ko, Ho-Cheol; Ro, Na-Young; Kim, Jung-Bong; Baek, Hyung-Jin;
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 Abstract
BACKGROUND: Carotenoids which are a major source of vitamin A are contributed to have great potential role in anti-carcinogenic effects and eyesight. Carotenoids which can not synthesize in human body are required for food supply. The objectives of this study are to investigate compositions and contents of pumpkin (Cucurbita spp.) germplasms based on their pulp color. METHODS AND RESULTS: Carotenoids were extracted with 0.2% ascorbic acid in ethanol and saponified with 80% potassium hydroxide. Insoluble compounds were extracted into hexane. A total of nine carotenoids (three xanthophylls and six carotenes) were identified from pumpkin germplasms using HPLC equipped with photodiode array detector (450 nm). Especially, lutein and -carotenes were major compound in germplasms. Among isomers of -carotene, all-trans--carotene (16-27% of total carotenoids) was predominant compositions. The mean of total carotenoid contents was showed as brown (286.1 mg/100 g dw) > dark green (217.0) > orange (153.4) > primrose (85.8) > dark yellow (80.3). On the basis of carotenoid information, PLS-DA score plots showed different patterns by cluster in pumpkin germplasms. It was considered that these differences of phenotype were relative closely to genotype. CONCLUSION: This study indicated that dark color of pumpkin pulp was presented in high-level of biological pigments. It may contribute to develop potentially beneficial functional food ingredients.
 Keywords
Carotenoids;Lutein;PLS-DA score plotting;Pumpkin germplasm;Trans-carotene;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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