JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Monitoring of Cd, Hg, Pb, and As and Risk Assessment for Commercial Medicinal Plants
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Monitoring of Cd, Hg, Pb, and As and Risk Assessment for Commercial Medicinal Plants
Kim, Hyuck-Soo; Kim, Kwon-Rae; Hong, Chang-Oh; Go, Woo-Ri; Jeong, Seon-Hee; Yoo, Ji-Hyock; Cho, Nam-Jun; Hong, Jin-Hwan; Kim, Won-Il;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
BACKGROUND: The current study was carried out to investigate Cd, Hg, Pb and As contaminations in 222 commercial medicinal plants and to estimate the potential health risk through dietary intake of commercial medicinal plants in Korea.METHODS AND RESULTS: The Cd, Hg, Pb, and As in medicinal plants were analyzed by ICP/MS and mercury analyzer.The potential health risk was estimated using risk assessment tools. Total amount of Cd in medicinal plants with 29% samples exceeded the standard limit legislated in `Pharmaceutical Affairs Act` while all plant samples were lower than the standard limit value for As, Hg, and Pb. However, when applying the standard limit for root vegetable (fresh weight) in the Food Sanitation Act, four samples exceeded the standard limit of Pb. For health risk assessment, the values of cancer risk probability were 0.3~5.9×10-7which were less than the acceptable cancer risk of 10-6~10-4for regulatory purpose. Also, Hazard quotientvalues were lower than 1.0.CONCLUSION: Therefore, these results demonstrated that human exposure to Cd, Hg, Pb, and As through dietary intake of commercial medicinal plants might notcause adverse health effects although some medicinal plants were higher than the standard limit values for Cd and Pb.
 Keywords
Arsenic;Health risk;Heavy metal;Medicinal plant;Safety;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Monitoring and Risk Assessment of Heavy Metals in Perennial Root Vegetables, Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 2016, 35, 1, 55  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Bae, J. S., Seo, B. H., Lee, S. W., Kim, W. I., & Kim, K. R. (2014). Heavy metal uptake by balloon flower together with investigating soil properties and heavy metal concentrations in the cultivated soils. Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 47(3), 172-178. crossref(new window)

2.
Jang, S., Kim, T. H., Lee, A. R., Lee, A. Y., Choi, G. Y., & Kim, H. K. (2012). Monitoring of heavy metal contents in commercial herbal medicines. Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science. 20(6), 434-439. crossref(new window)

3.
Jang, S., Lee, A. R., Lee, A. E., Choi, G. Y., & Kim, H. K. (2015). Monitoring of heavy metal contents in commercial herbal medicines in Korea: cultivated herbal medicines in the Seoul and Daegu areas. Journal of Environmental Health Science, 41(1), 30-39.

4.
Kim, J. Y. (2013). Development and industrialization of functional bioactive material from the medicinal plant. Food Industry and Nutrition, 18(2), 1-6.

5.
Lai, H. Y., & Chen, Z. S. (2004). Effects of EDTA on solubility of cadmium, zinc, and lead and their uptake by rainbow pink and vetiver grass. Chemosphere, 55(3), 421-430. crossref(new window)

6.
Lee, J. H., Kim, W. I., Jeong, E. J., Yoo, J. H., Kim, J. Y., Paik, M. K., Park, B. J., Im, G. J., & Hong, M. K. (2011). Arsenic contamination of polished rice produced in abandoned mine areas and its potential human risk assessment using probabilistic techniques. Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 30(1), 43-51. crossref(new window)

7.
Lim, H. S., Lee, J. S., Chon, H. T., & Sager, M. (2008). Heavy metal contamination and health risk assessment in the vicinity of the abandoned Songcheon Au–Ag mine in Korea. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 96(2), 223-230. crossref(new window)

8.
Liu, J., Dong, Y., Xu, H., Wang, D., & Xu, J. (2007). Accumulation of Cd, Pb and Zn by 19 wetland plant species in constructed wetland. Journal of hazardous materials, 147(3), 947-953. crossref(new window)

9.
Masarovičová, E., Kráľová, K., & Kummerová, M. (2010). Principles of classification of medicinal plants as hyperaccumulators or excluders. Acta physiologiae plantarum, 32(5), 823-829. crossref(new window)

10.
Na, E. S., Lee, Y. J., Ko, K. Y., Chung, D. Y., & Lee, K. S. (2013). Risk Assessment for Heavy Metals in Soil, Ground Water, Rice Grain nearby Abandoned Mine Areas. Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture, 32(4), 245-251. crossref(new window)

11.
Wei, S., Zhou, Q., & Mathews, S. (2008). A newly found cadmium accumulator-Taraxacum mongolicum. Journal of hazardous materials, 159(2), 544-547. crossref(new window)

12.
Yim, O., Han, E., Chung, J., Park, K., Kang, I., Kang, S., & Kim, Y. (2009). The monitoring of some heavy metals in oriental herbal medicines and their intake rates. Analytical Science and Technology, 22(2), 128-135.

13.
Zhuang, P., McBride, M. B., Xia, H., Li, N., & Li, Z. (2009). Health risk from heavy metals via consumption of food crops in the vicinity of Dabaoshan mine, South China. Science of the Total Environment, 407(5), 1551-1561. crossref(new window)