JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Performance Evaluation of Hazardous Substances using Measurement Vehicle of Field Mode through Emergency Response of Chemical Incidents
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Performance Evaluation of Hazardous Substances using Measurement Vehicle of Field Mode through Emergency Response of Chemical Incidents
Lee, Yeon-Hee; Hwang, Seung-Ryul; Kim, Jae-Young; Kim, Kyun; Kwak, Ji Hyun; Kim, Min Sun; Park, Joong Don; Jeon, Junho; Kim, Ki Joon; Lee, Jin Hwan;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
BACKGROUND: Chemical accidents have increased owing to chemical usage, human error and technical failures during the last decades. Many countries have organized supervisory authorities in charge of enforcing related rules and regulations to prevent chemical accidents. A very important part in chemical accidents has been coping with comprehensive first aid tool. Therefore, the present research has provided information with the initial applications concern to the rapid analysis of hazardous material using instruments in vehicle of field mode after chemical accidents. METHODS AND RESULTS: Mobile measurement vehicle was manufactured to obtain information regarding field assessments of chemical accidents. This vehicle was equipped with four instruments including gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC/MS), Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Ion Chromatography (IC), and UV/Vis spectrometer (UV) to analyses of accident preparedness substances, volatile compounds, and organic gases. Moreover, this work was the first examined the evaluation of applicability for analysis instruments using 20 chemicals in various accident preparedness substances (GC/MS; 6 chemicals, FT-IR; 2 chemicals, IC; 11 chemicals, and UV; 1 chemical) and their calibration curves were obtained with high linearity ( r 2 > 0.991). Our results were observed the advantage of the high chromatographic peak capacity, fast analysis, and good sensitivity as well as resolution. CONCLUSION: When chemical accidents are occurred, the posted measurement vehicle may be utilized as tool an effective for qualitative and quantitative information in the scene of an accident owing to the rapid analysis of hazardous material.
 Keywords
Accident preparedness substances;Chemical;Chemical accident;Mobile measurement vehicle;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
An, J., Lee, H. A., Lee, J., & Yoon, H. O. (2015). Fluorine distribution in soil in the vicinity of an accidental spillage of hydrofluoric acid in Korea. Chemosphere, 119, 577-582. crossref(new window)

2.
Bertazzi, P. A., Bernucci, I., Brambilla, G., Consonni, D., & Pesatori, A. C. (1998). The Seveso studies on early and long-term effects of dioxin exposure: a review. Environmental Health Perspectives, 106(Suppl 2), 625. crossref(new window)

3.
Broughton, E. (2005). The Bhopal disaster and its aftermath: a review, Environmental Health, doi:10.1186/1476-069X-4-6. crossref(new window)

4.
Chung, S. T., & Kim, K. I. (2009). Case studies of chemical incidents and emergency information service in Korea. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 22(4), 361-366. crossref(new window)

5.
Dumont, E., & Delmas, H. (2003). Mass transfer enhancement of gas absorption in oil-in-water systems: a review. Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 42(6), 419-438. crossref(new window)

6.
Fanelli, R., Bertoni, M. P., Castelli, M. G., Chiabrando, C., Martelli, G. P., Noseda, A., Garattini, S., Binaghi, C., Marazza, V., & Pezza, F. (1980). 2, 3, 7, 8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin toxic effects and tissue levels in animals from the contaminated area of Seveso, Italy. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 9(5), 569-577. crossref(new window)

7.
Haiss, W., Thanh, N. T., Aveyard, J., & Fernig, D. G. (2007). Determination of size and concentration of gold nanoparticles from UV-vis spectra. Analytical Chemistry, 79(11), 4215-4221. crossref(new window)

8.
Harrison, P. G., & Clark, E. N. (1992). FT-IR study of the gas phase thermal decomposition of dimethyldivinyltin in the presence of oxygen. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, 437(1), 145-156. crossref(new window)

9.
Gupta, V. K., & Verma, N. (2002). Removal of volatile organic compounds by cryogenic condensation followed by adsorption. Chemical Engineering Science, 57(14), 2679-2696. crossref(new window)

10.
Kim, K., Lee, J., Lee, S., Hwang, S., Kim, Y., & Seok, G. (2013). Study on the analytical method using GC-MS for the accident preparedness substances. Analytical Science and Technology, 26(1), 80-85. crossref(new window)

11.
Krausmann, E., Cozzani, V., Salzano, E., & Renni, E. (2011). Industrial accidents triggered by natural hazards: an emerging risk issue. Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 11(3), 921-929. crossref(new window)

12.
Krausmann, E., & Cruz, A. M. (2013). Impact of the 11 March 2011, Great East Japan earthquake and tsunami on the chemical industry. Natural Hazards, 67(2), 811-828. crossref(new window)

13.
Lim, H. S., & Lee, K. (2012). Health care plan for hydrogen fluoride spill, Gumi, Korea. Journal of Korean medical science, 27(11), 1283-1284. crossref(new window)

14.
Mérian, T., Debarnot, D., Rouessac, V., & Poncin-Epaillard, F. (2010). Ammonia absorption study of pulsed-plasma polyaniline by quartz crystal microgravimetry and UV/vis spectrometry. Talanta, 81(1), 602-608. crossref(new window)

15.
Morganti, A., Becagli, S., Castellano, E., Severi, M., Traversi, R., & Udisti, R. (2007). An improved flow analysis–ion chromatography method for determination of cationic and anionic species at trace levels in Antarctic ice cores. Analytica Chimica Acta, 603(2), 190-198. crossref(new window)

16.
Na, J. Y., Woo, K. H., Yoon, S. Y., Cho, S. Y., Song, I. U., Kim, J. A., & Kim, J. S. (2013). Acute symptoms after community hydrogen fluoride spill. Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 25, 1–12. crossref(new window)

17.
Park, S. B. (2013). Alter over South Korea toxic leaks, Nature, 494, 15-16. crossref(new window)

18.
Posthuma, L., Wahlstrom, E., Nijenhuis, R., Dijkens, C., de Zwart, D., van de Meent, D., Hollander, A., Brand, E., den Hollander, H. A., van Middelaar, J., van Dijk, S., Hall, E. F., & Hoffer, S. (2014). The Flash environmental assessment tool: Worldwide first aid for chemical accidents response, pro action, prevention and preparedness. Environment International, 72, 140-156. crossref(new window)

19.
Rosenthal, I., Kleindorfer, P. R., & Elliott, M. R. (2006). Predicting and confirming the effectiveness of systems for managing low‐probability chemical process risks. Process Safety Progress, 25(2), 135-155. crossref(new window)

20.
Sharpe, S. W., Johnson, T. J., Sams, R. L., Chu, P. M., Rhoderick, G. C., & Johnson, P. A. (2004). Gas-phase databases for quantitative infrared spectroscopy. Applied Spectroscopy, 58(12), 1452-1461. crossref(new window)

21.
Shi, S., Cao, J., Feng, L., Liang, W., & Zhang, L. (2014). Construction of a technique plan repository and evaluation system based on AHP group decisionmaking for emergency treatment and disposal in chemical pollution accidents. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 276, 200-206. crossref(new window)

22.
Shin, I. J. (2013). The effective control of major industrial accidents by the Major Industrial Accident Prevention Centers (MAPC) through the Process Safety Management (PSM) grading system in Korea. Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries, 26(4), 803-814. crossref(new window)

23.
Siriraks, A., & Stillian, J. (1993). Determination of anions and cations in concentrated bases and acids by ion chromatography: Electrolytic sample pretreatment. Journal of Chromatography A, 640(1), 151-160. crossref(new window)

24.
Wood, M. H., Fabbri, L., & Struckl, M. (2008). Writing seveso II safety reports: New EU guidance reflecting 5 years’ experience with the directive. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 157(2), 230-236. crossref(new window)

25.
Yun, Z., & Minyan, L. (2014). The method study on emergency detection of aromatic compounds and chlorides based on portable GC-MS. Procedia Engineering, 84, 731-735. crossref(new window)

26.
Zio, E., & Aven, T. (2013). Industrial disasters: Extreme events, extremely rare. Some reflections on the treatment of uncertainties in the assessment of the associated risks. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 91(1), 31-45. crossref(new window)