Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Assessment of Methane Potential in Hydro-thermal Carbonization reaction of Organic Sludge Using Parallel First Order Kinetics
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Assessment of Methane Potential in Hydro-thermal Carbonization reaction of Organic Sludge Using Parallel First Order Kinetics
Oh, Seung-Yong; Yoon, Young-Man;
  PDF(new window)
BACKGROUND: Hydrothermal carbonization reaction is the thermo-chemical energy conversion technology for producing the solid fuel of high carbon density from organic wastes. The hydrothermal carbonization reaction is accompanied by the thermal hydrolysis reaction which converse particulate organic matters to soluble forms (hydro-thermal hydrolysate). Recently, hydrothermal carbonization is adopted as a pre-treatment technology to improve anaerobic digestion efficiency. This research was carried out to assess the effects of hydro-thermal reaction temperature on the methane potential and anaerobic biodegradability in the thermal hydrolysate of organic sludge generating from the wastewater treatment plant of poultry slaughterhouse .METHODS AND RESULTS: Wastewater treatment sludge cake of poultry slaughterhouse was treated in the different hydro-thermal reaction temperature of 170, 180, 190, 200, and 220℃. Theoretical and experimental methane potential for each hydro-thermal hydrolysate were measured. Then, the organic substance fractions of hydro-thermal hydrolysate were characterized by the optimization of the parallel first order kinetics model. The increase of hydro-thermal reaction temperature from 170℃ to 220℃ caused the enhancement of hydrolysis efficiency. And the methane potential showed the maximum value of 0.381 Nm3 kg-1-VSadded in the hydro-thermal reaction temperature of 190℃. Biodegradable volatile solid(VSB) content have accounted for 66.41% in 170℃, 72.70% in 180℃, 79.78% in 190℃, 67.05% in 200℃, and 70.31% in 220℃, respectively. The persistent VS content increased with hydro-thermal reaction temperature, which occupied 0.18% for 170℃, 2.96% for 180℃, 6.32% for 190℃, 17.52% for 200℃, and 20.55% for 220℃.CONCLUSION: Biodegradable volatile solid showed the highest amount in the hydro-thermal reaction temperature of 190℃, and then, the optimum hydro-thermal reaction temperature for organic sludge was assessed as 190℃ in the aspect of the methane production. The rise of hydro-thermal reaction temperature caused increase of persistent organic matter content.
Anaerobic Digestion;Hydro-thermal Carbonization;Organic Sludge;Organic Substance Fraction;Parallel First Order Kinetics;
 Cited by
Ajandouz, E. H., Desseaux, V., Tazi, S., & Puigserver, A. (2008). Effects of temperature and pH on the kinetics of caramelisation, protein cross-linking and Maillard reactions in aqueous model systems. Food Chemistry, 107(3), 1244-1252. crossref(new window)

Angelidaki, I., Alves, M., Bolzonella, D., Borzacconi, L., Campos, J. L., Guwy, A. J., Kalyuzhnyi, S., Jenicek, P., & van Lier, J. B. (2009). Defining the biomethane potential (BMP) of solid organic wastes and energy crops: a proposed protocol for batch assays. Water Science & Technology, 59(5), 927-934. crossref(new window)

American Public Health Association. (1998). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 20th ed. Continental Edition, USA.

Beuvink, J. M. W., Spoelstra, S. F., & Hogendorp, R. J. (1992). An automated method for measuring timecourse of gas production of feedstuffs incubated with buffered rumen fluid. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science, 40(4), 401-407.

Bougrier, C., Delgenès, J. P., & Carrère, H. (2008). Effects of thermal treatments on five different waste activated sludge samples solubilisation, physical properties and anaerobic digestion. Chemical Engineering Journal, 139(2), 236-244. crossref(new window)

Buendía, I. M., Fernández, F. J., Villaseñor, J., & Rodríguez, L. (2009). Feasibility of anaerobic co-digestion as a treatment option of meat industry wastes. Bioresource Technology, 100(6), 1903-1909. crossref(new window)

Buffiere, P., Loisel, D., Bernet, N., & Delgenes, J. P. (2006). Towards new indicators for the prediction of solid waste anaerobic digestion properties. Water Science and Technology, 53(8), 233-241. crossref(new window)

Chynoweth, D. P., Turick, C. E., Owens, J. M., Jerger, D. E., & Peck, M. W. (1993). Biochemical methane potential of biomass and waste feedstocks. Biomass and bioenergy, 5(1), 95-111. crossref(new window)

Gerardi, M.H. (2003). The microbiology of anaerobic digesters. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, USA.

Kim, H., & Jeon, Y. W. (2015). Effects of hydro-thermal reaction temperature on anaerobic biodegradability of piggery manure hydrolysate. Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer, 48(6), 602-609. crossref(new window)

Lay, J. J., Li, Y. Y., & Noike, T. (1998). Mathematical model for methane production from landfill bioreactor. Journal of Environmental Engineering, 124(8), 730-736. crossref(new window)

Luna-delRisco, M., Normak, A., & Orupold, K. (2011). Biochemical methane potential of different organic wastes and energy crops from Estonia. Agronomy Research, 9(1-2), 331-342.

Martins, S. I. F. S., Jongen, W. M. F., & Van Boekel, M. A. J. S. (2000). A review of Maillard reaction in food and implications to kinetic modelling. Trends in Food Science & Technology, 11(9-10), 364-373. crossref(new window)

Owen, W. F., Stuckey, D. C., Healy, J. B., Young, L. Y., & McCarty, P. L. (1979). Bioassay for monitoring biochemical methane potential and anaerobic toxicity. Water research, 13(6), 485-492. crossref(new window)

Pereira, C. P., Castanares, G., & Van Lier, J. B. (2012). An OxiTop protocol for screening plant material for its biochemical methane potential (BMP). Water Science and Technology, 66(7), 1416-1423. crossref(new window)

Rao, M. S., Singh, S. P., Singh, A. K., & Sodha, M. S. (2000). Bioenergy conversion studies of the organic fraction of MSW: assessment of ultimate bioenergy production potential of municipal garbage. Applied Energy, 66(1), 75-87. crossref(new window)

Shin, K.S. (2013). Factor analysis of methane production potential from crop and livestock biomass. Ph.D. Thesis, Hankyong National University, Anseong, Korea.

Vavilin, V. A., & Angelidaki, I. (2005). Anaerobic degradation of solid material: importance of initiation centers for methanogenesis, mixing intensity, and 2D distributed model. Biotechnology and bioengineering, 89(1), 113-122. crossref(new window)

Willems, A., Amat-Marco, M., & Collins, M. D. (1996). Phylogenetic analysis of Butyrivibrio strains reveals three distinct groups of species within the Clostridium subphylum of the gram-positive bacteria. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 46(1), 195-199.