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A Review on Microbialites: a Korean Perspective
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 Title & Authors
A Review on Microbialites: a Korean Perspective
Lee, Jeong-Hyun;
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 Abstract
Microbialites are defined as rocks formed by microbial organisms. After their first appearance around 3.5 billion years ago, microbialites occur in various depositional environments throughout geological periods. Microbial organisms form microbialites by trapping and binding detrital sediments and/or precipitating carbonate cements, resulting in formation of various microstructures and mesostructures. Four major types of microbialites are distinguished based on their mesostructures: stromatolite, thrombolite, dendrolite, and leiolite. In the geological records, occurrences of microbialites are influenced by calcium carbonate saturation of seawater and interaction of microbialites with metazoans. Stromatolites mainly flourished during the Precambrian, and diminished as level of atmospheric carbon dioxide declined. On the other hand, thrombolites, mainly formed by calcified microbes, began to flourish from the Neoproterozoic. As metazoans diversified in the Phanerozoic, proportion of the microbialites within sedimentary record declined. Since then, microbialites only occasionally flourished during the Phanerozoic, such as shortly after mass-extinction events. In the Korean Peninsula, microbialites occur in the Neoproterozoic Sangwon System, the Early Paleozoic Joseon Supergroup, and the Cretaceous Gyeongsang Supergroup, which form different shapes according to their age and depositional environments. By performing detailed studies on these Korean microbialites, it is possible to understand how microbes affected geological records and sedimentary environments, as well as their interaction with other organisms.
 Keywords
Microbialite;Microbial reef;Stromatolite;Thrombolite;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
전이금속 갈륨(Ga(NO3)3)을 이용한 biofilm을 형성하는 어류질병세균의 억제,김동휘;수브라마니안 다라니드다란;장영환;허문수;

한국미생물생명공학회지, 2016. vol.44. 4, pp.535-539 crossref(new window)
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