JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Electrospun Nanocomposite Fiber Mats of Zinc-Oxide Loaded Polyacrylonitrile
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Carbon letters
  • Volume 9, Issue 2,  2008, pp.108-114
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • DOI : 10.5714/CL.2008.9.2.108
 Title & Authors
Electrospun Nanocomposite Fiber Mats of Zinc-Oxide Loaded Polyacrylonitrile
Nataraj, S.K.; Kim, B.H.; Yun, J.H.; Lee, D.H.; Aminabhavi, T.M.; Yang, K.S.;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
We have demonstrated the feasibility of using electrospinning method to fabricate long and continuous composite nanofiber sheets of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) incorporated with zinc oxide (ZnO). Such PAN/ZnO composite nanofiber sheets represent an important step toward utilizing carbon nanofibers (CNFs) as materials to achieve remarkably enhanced physico-chemical properties. In an attempt to derive these advantages, we have used a variety of techniques such as field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high resolution X-ray diffraction (HR-XRD) to obtain quantitative data on the materials. The CNFs produced are in the diameter range of 100 to 350 nm after carbonization at . Electrical conductivity of the random CNFs was increased by increasing the concentration of ZnO. A dramatic improvement in porosity and specific surface area of the CNFs was a clear evidence of the novelty of the method used. This study indicated that the optimal ZnO concentration of 3 wt% is enough to produce CNFs having enhanced electrical and physico-chemical properties.
 Keywords
Electrospinning;Polyacrylonitrile;Nanofiber;Zinc oxide;Composites;
 Language
English
 Cited by
 References
1.
Chopra, K. L.; Das, S. R. "Thin Film Solar Cells", Eds. Plenum, New York, 1983.

2.
Muller, J.; Fresenius, S. W. J. Anal. Chem. 1994, 349, 380. crossref(new window)

3.
Hingorani, S.; Pillai, V.; Kumar, P.; Multani, M. S.; Shah, D. O. Mater. Res. Bull. 1993, 28, 1303. crossref(new window)

4.
Kong, L.B.; Li, F. Zhang, L.Y.; Yao, X. J. Mater. Sci. Lettr. 1998,17,769. crossref(new window)

5.
Shih, W.C., Wu, M.S. J. Cryst. Growth 1994,137,319. crossref(new window)

6.
Troy, C.T. Photonics Spectra 1997,31,34.

7.
Vanheusden, K.; Seager, C. H.; Warren, W. L.; Tallant, D. R.; Caruso, J.; Hampden-Smith, M. J.; Kodas, T. T. J. Lumines 1997,75,11. crossref(new window)

8.
Mo, C. M.; Li, Y. H.; Lin, Y. S.; Zhang, Y.; Zhang, L. P. J. Appl. Phys. 1998, 83, 4389. crossref(new window)

9.
Li, Q. H.; Wan, Q.; Chen, Y. J.; Wang, T. H. Appl. Phys. Lett. 2004, 85, 636. crossref(new window)

10.
Iijima, S. Nature 1991, 354, 56. crossref(new window)

11.
Rodriguez, N. M.. J. Mater. Res. 1993, 8, 3233. crossref(new window)

12.
Dekker, C. Phys. Today. 1999, 5, 22.

13.
Rodriguez, N. M; Chambers, A.; Baker, R. T. K. Langmuir 1995, 11, 3862. crossref(new window)

14.
Jason, J. G.; Haoqing, H.; Qing, L.; Matthew, J.G.; Andreas, G.; Darrell, H. R.; Frank, W. H.; Stephen, Z. D. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 15754. crossref(new window)

15.
Kruk, M.; Dufour, B.; Celer, E. B.; Kowalewski, T.; Jaroniec, M.; Matyjaszewski, K. Chem. Mater. 2006, 18, 1417. crossref(new window)

16.
Tang, C.; Qi, K.; Wooley, K. L.; Matyjaszewski, K.; Kowalewski, T. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2004, 43, 3783.

17.
Chen, J. T.; Shin, K.; Leiston-Belanger, J. M.; Zhang, M.; Russell, T. P. Adv. Funct. Mater. 2006, 16, 1476. crossref(new window)

18.
Reneker, D. H.; Chun, I. Nanotechnology 1996, 7, 216. crossref(new window)

19.
Bognitzki, M.; Czado, W.; Frese, T.; Schaper, A.; Hellwig, M.; Steinhart, M.; Greiner, A.; Wendroff, J. H. Adv. Mater. 2001, 13, 70. crossref(new window)

20.
Kim, C.; Ngoc, B. T. N.; Yang, K. S.; Kojima, M.; Kim, Y. A.; Kim, Y. J.; Endo, M.; Yang S. C. Adv. Mater. 2007, 19, 2341. crossref(new window)

21.
Nataraj, S. K.; Kim, B. H.; Yun, J. H.; Lee D. H.; Aminabhavi, T. M.; Yang, K. S. Synthetic Metals (Communicated, 2008).

22.
He, J. H.; Liu, H. M. Nonlinear Analysis 2005, 63, 919. crossref(new window)

23.
He, J. H.; Wu Y.; Zuo, W. W. Polymer 2005, 46, 12637. crossref(new window)

24.
Baumgarten, P. K. J. Coll. Interf. Sci.1971, 36, 71. crossref(new window)

25.
Zhang, Y.; Lin, B.; Sun, X.; Fu, Z. Appl. Phys. Lett. 2005, 86, 131910. crossref(new window)