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Methanol oxidation behaviors of PtRu nanoparticles deposited onto binary carbon supports for direct methanol fuel cells
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  • Journal title : Carbon letters
  • Volume 14, Issue 2,  2013, pp.121-125
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • DOI : 10.5714/CL.2013.14.2.121
 Title & Authors
Methanol oxidation behaviors of PtRu nanoparticles deposited onto binary carbon supports for direct methanol fuel cells
Park, Soo-Jin; Park, Jeong-Min; Lee, Seul-Yi;
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In this study, PtRu nanoparticles deposited on binary carbon supports were developed for use in direct methanol fuel cells using carbon blacks (CBs) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). The particle sizes and morphological structures of the catalysts were analyzed using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy, and the PtRu loading content was determined using an inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer. The electrocatalytic characteristics for methanol oxidation were evaluated by means of cyclic voltammetry with 1 M in a 0.5 M solution as the electrolyte. The PtRu particle sizes and the loading level were found to be dependent on the mixing ratio of the two carbon materials. The electroactivity of the catalysts increased with an increasing MWCNT content, reaching a maximum at 30% MWCNTs, and subsequently decreased. This was attributed to the introduction of MWCNTs as a secondary support, which provided a highly accessible surface area and caused morphological changes in the carbon supports. Consequently, the PtRu nanoparticles deposited on the binary support exhibited better performance than those deposited on the single support, and the best performance was obtained when the mass ratio of CBs to MWCNTs was 70:30.
PtRu nanoparticles;binary carbon supports;direct methanol fuel cells;methanol oxidation;
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