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Microwave heating of carbon-based solid materials
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  • Journal title : Carbon letters
  • Volume 15, Issue 1,  2014, pp.15-24
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • DOI : 10.5714/CL.2014.15.1.015
 Title & Authors
Microwave heating of carbon-based solid materials
Kim, Teawon; Lee, Jaegeun; Lee, Kun-Hong;
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As a part of the electromagnetic spectrum, microwaves heat materials fast and efficiently via direct energy transfer, while conventional heating methods rely on conduction and convection. To date, the use of microwave heating in the research of carbon-based materials has been mainly limited to liquid solutions. However, more rapid and efficient heating is possible in electron-rich solid materials, because the target materials absorb the energy of microwaves effectively and exclusively. Carbon-based solid materials are suitable for microwave-heating due to the delocalized pi electrons from sp2-hybridized carbon networks. In this perspective review, research on the microwave heating of carbon-based solid materials is extensively investigated. This review includes basic theories of microwave heating, and applications in carbon nanotubes, graphite and other carbon-based materials. Finally, priority issues are discussed for the advanced use of microwave heating, which have been poorly understood so far: heating mechanism, temperature control, and penetration depth.
microwave;carbon nanotube;carbonization;graphite;heat treatment;Maxwell-Wagner-Sillars polarization;penetration depth;
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