JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Preparation and application of reduced graphene oxide as the conductive material for capacitive deionization
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Carbon letters
  • Volume 15, Issue 1,  2014, pp.38-44
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • DOI : 10.5714/CL.2014.15.1.038
 Title & Authors
Preparation and application of reduced graphene oxide as the conductive material for capacitive deionization
Nugrahenny, Ayu Tyas Utami; Kim, Jiyoung; Kim, Sang-Kyung; Peck, Dong-Hyun; Yoon, Seong-Ho; Jung, Doo-Hwan;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This paper reports the effect of adding reduced graphene oxide (RGO) as a conductive material to the composition of an electrode for capacitive deionization (CDI), a process to remove salt from water using ionic adsorption and desorption driven by external applied voltage. RGO can be synthesized in an inexpensive way by the reduction and exfoliation of GO, and removing the oxygen-containing groups and recovering a conjugated structure. GO powder can be obtained from the modification of Hummers method and reduced into RGO using a thermal method. The physical and electrochemical characteristics of RGO material were evaluated and its desalination performance was tested with a CDI unit cell with a potentiostat and conductivity meter, by varying the applied voltage and feed rate of the salt solution. The performance of RGO was compared to graphite as a conductive material in a CDI electrode. The result showed RGO can increase the capacitance, reduce the equivalent series resistance, and improve the electrosorption capacity of CDI electrode.
 Keywords
reduced graphene oxide;graphite;conductive material;capacitive deionization;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
Structural properties of reduced graphene oxides prepared using various reducing agents,;;;;

Carbon letters, 2015. vol.16. 4, pp.255-259 crossref(new window)
2.
Photocatalytic performance of graphene/Ag/TiO2 hybrid nanocomposites,;;;;;;

Carbon letters, 2015. vol.16. 4, pp.247-254 crossref(new window)
1.
Effects of Two-stage Heat Treatment on Delayed Coke and Study of Their Surface Texture Characteristics, JOM, 2016  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Structural properties of reduced graphene oxides prepared using various reducing agents, Carbon letters, 2015, 16, 4, 255  crossref(new windwow)
3.
Mesoporous Non-stacked Graphene-receptor Sensor for Detecting Nerve Agents, Scientific Reports, 2016, 6, 33299  crossref(new windwow)
4.
An asymmetrical activated carbon electrode configuration for increased pore utilization in a membrane-assisted capacitive deionization system, New Carbon Materials, 2016, 31, 4, 378  crossref(new windwow)
5.
Preparation of chestnut-like carbon and its application for electrodes with high specific capacitance, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 2014, 158-159, 308  crossref(new windwow)
6.
Photocatalytic performance of graphene/Ag/TiO2hybrid nanocomposites, Carbon letters, 2015, 16, 4, 247  crossref(new windwow)
7.
Immobilization of iron hydroxide/oxide on reduced graphene oxide: peroxidase-like activity and selective detection of sulfide ions, RSC Advances, 2014, 4, 71, 37705  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Welgemoed TJ, Schutte CF. Capacitive Deionization $Technology^{TM}$: an alternative desalination solution. Desalination, 183, 327 (2005). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2005.02.054. crossref(new window)

2.
Zou L, Morris G, Qi D. Using activated carbon electrode in electrosorptive deionisation of brackish water. Desalination, 225, 329 (2008). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2007.07.014. crossref(new window)

3.
Oren Y. Capacitive deionization (CDI) for desalination and water treatment--past, present and future (a review). Desalination, 228, 10 (2008). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2007.08.005. crossref(new window)

4.
Farmer JC, Fix DV, Mack GV, Pekala RW, Poco JF. Capacitive deionization of NaCl and NaNO3 solutions with carbon aerogel electrodes. J Electrochem Soc, 143, 159 (1996). http://dx.doi.org/10.1149/1.1836402. crossref(new window)

5.
Hou CH, Huang CY. A comparative study of electrosorption selectivity of ions by activated carbon electrodes in capacitive deionization. Desalination, 314, 124 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2012.12.029. crossref(new window)

6.
Oh HJ, Lee JH, Ahn HJ, Jeong Y, Kim YJ, Chi CS. Nanoporous activated carbon cloth for capacitive deionization of aqueous solution. Thin Solid Films, 515, 220 (2006). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tsf.2005.12.146. crossref(new window)

7.
Yang J, Zou L, Choudhury NR. Ion-selective carbon nanotube electrodes in capacitive deionisation. Electrochim Acta, 91, 11 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2012.12.089. crossref(new window)

8.
Zhan Y, Nie C, Li H, Pan L, Sun Z. Enhancement of electrosorption capacity of activated carbon fibers by grafting with carbon nanofibers. Electrochim Acta, 56, 3164 (2011). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2011.01.059. crossref(new window)

9.
Kurzweil P. Electrochemical double-layer capacitors: Carbon material. In: Batteries and supercapacitors, Elsevier, 821 (2009).

10.
Qu D, Shi H. Studies of activated carbons used in double-layer capacitors. J Power Sources, 74, 99 (1998). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0378-7753(98)00038-x. crossref(new window)

11.
Frackowiak E, Beguin F. Carbon materials for the electrochemical storage of energy in capacitors. Carbon, 39, 937 (2001). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/s0008-6223(00)00183-4. crossref(new window)

12.
Nadakatti S, Tendulkar M, Kadam M. Use of mesoporous conductive carbon black to enhance performance of activated carbon electrodes in capacitive deionization technology. Desalination, 268, 182 (2011). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2010.10.020. crossref(new window)

13.
Li H, Zou L, Pan L, Sun Z. Novel graphene-like electrodes for capacitive deionization. Environ Sci Technol, 44, 8692 (2010). http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/es101888j. crossref(new window)

14.
Park KK, Lee JB, Park PY, Yoon SW, Moon JS, Eum HM, Lee CW. Development of a carbon sheet electrode for electrosorption desalination. Desalination, 206, 86 (2007). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2006.04.051. crossref(new window)

15.
Hummers WS, Jr., Offeman RE. Preparation of graphitic oxide. J Am Chem Soc, 80, 1339 (1958). http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja01539a017. crossref(new window)

16.
Pei S, Cheng HM. The reduction of graphene oxide. Carbon, 50, 3210 (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2011.11.010. crossref(new window)

17.
Shin HJ, Kim KK, Benayad A, Yoon SM, Park HK, Jung IS, Jin MH, Jeong HK, Kim JM, Choi JY, Lee YH. Efficient reduction of graphite oxide by sodium borohydride and its effect on electrical conductance. Adv Funct Mater, 19, 1987 (2009). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200900167. crossref(new window)

18.
Li H, Pan L, Nie C, Liu Y, Sun Z. Reduced graphene oxide and activated carbon composites for capacitive deionization. J Mater Chem, 22, 15556 (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c2jm32207b. crossref(new window)

19.
Choi JY, Choi JH. A carbon electrode fabricated using a poly(vinylidene fluoride) binder controlled the Faradaic reaction of carbon powder. J Ind Eng Chem, 16, 401 (2010). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jiec.2009.08.005. crossref(new window)

20.
Tashima D, Yoshitama H, Otsubo M, Maeno S, Nagasawa Y. Evaluation of electric double layer capacitor using Ketjenblack as conductive nanofiller. Electrochim Acta, 56, 8941 (2011). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2011.07.124. crossref(new window)

21.
Kotz R, Hahn M, Gallay R. Temperature behavior and impedance fundamentals of supercapacitors. J Power Sources, 154, 550 (2006). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2005.10.048. crossref(new window)