JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Effect of chemically reduced graphene oxide on epoxy nanocomposites for flexural behaviors
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Carbon letters
  • Volume 15, Issue 1,  2014, pp.67-70
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • DOI : 10.5714/CL.2014.15.1.067
 Title & Authors
Effect of chemically reduced graphene oxide on epoxy nanocomposites for flexural behaviors
Lee, Seul-Yi; Chong, Mi-Hwa; Park, Mira; Kim, Hak-Yong; Park, Soo-Jin;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
In this work, nanocomposites of epoxy resin and chemically reduced graphene oxide (RGO) were prepared by thermal curing process. X-ray diffractions confirmed the microstructural properties of RGO. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to evaluate the curing behaviors of RGO/epoxy nanocomposites with different RGO loading amounts. We investigated the effect of RGO loading amounts on the mechanical properties of the epoxy nanocomposites. It was found that the presence of RGO improved both flexural strength and modulus of the epoxy nanocomposites till the RGO loading reached 0.4 wt%, and then decreased. The optimum loading achieved about 24.5 and 25.7% improvements, respectively, compared to the neat-epoxy composites. The observed mechanical reinforcement might be an enhancement of mechanical interlocking between the epoxy matrix and RGO due to the unique planar structures.
 Keywords
chemically reduced graphene oxide;epoxy;nanocomposites;mechanical properties;
 Language
English
 Cited by
1.
A space network structure constructed by tetraneedlelike ZnO whiskers supporting boron nitride nanosheets to enhance comprehensive properties of poly(L-lacti acid) scaffolds, Scientific Reports, 2016, 6, 33385  crossref(new windwow)
2.
The degradation of mechanical properties due to stress concentration caused by retained acetone in epoxy nanocomposites, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 41, 34188  crossref(new windwow)
3.
The effect of graphene loading on mechanical, thermal and biological properties of poly(vinyl alcohol)/graphene nanocomposites, Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 2016, 34, 250  crossref(new windwow)
4.
Mechanical, Thermal, and Electrical Properties of Graphene-Epoxy Nanocomposites—A Review, Polymers, 2016, 8, 8, 281  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Lee C, Wei X, Kysar JW, Hone J. Measurement of the elastic properties and intrinsic strength of monolayer graphene. Science, 321, 385 (2008). http://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1157996. crossref(new window)

2.
Balandin AA, Ghosh S, Bao W, Calizo I, Teweldebrhan D, Miao F, Lau CN. Superior thermal conductivity of single-layer graphene. Nano Lett, 8, 902 (2008). http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl0731872. crossref(new window)

3.
Du X, Skachko I, Barker A, Andrei EY. Approaching ballistic transport in suspended graphene. Nat Nanotechnol, 3, 491 (2008). http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nnano.2008.199. crossref(new window)

4.
Lee SY, Park SJ. Comprehensive review on synthesis and adsorption behaviors of graphene-based materials. Carbon Lett, 13, 73 (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.5714/CL.2012.13.2.073. crossref(new window)

5.
Stankovich S, Dikin DA, Dommett GHB, Kohlhaas KM, Zimney EJ, Stach EA, Piner RD, Nguyen ST, Ruoff RS. Graphene-based composite materials. Nature, 442, 282 (2006). http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature04969. crossref(new window)

6.
Jung YC, Kim JH, Hayashi T, Kim YA, Endo M, Terrones M, Dresselhaus MS. Fabrication of transparent, tough, and conductive shape-memory polyurethane films by incorporating a small amount of high-quality graphene. Macromol Rapid Commun, 33, 628 (2012). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/marc.201100674. crossref(new window)

7.
Song P, Cao Z, Cai Y, Zhao L, Fang Z, Fu S. Fabrication of exfoliated graphene-based polypropylene nanocomposites with enhanced mechanical and thermal properties. Polymer, 52, 4001 (2011). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2011.06.045. crossref(new window)

8.
Potts JR, Murali S, Zhu Y, Zhao X, Ruoff RS. Microwave-exfoliated graphite oxide/polycarbonate composites. macromolecules, 44, 6488 (2011). http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ma2007317. crossref(new window)

9.
Salavagione HJ, Martinez G, Gomez MA. Synthesis of poly(vinyl alcohol)/reduced graphite oxide nanocomposites with improved thermal and electrical properties. J Mater Chem, 19, 5027 (2009). http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/B904232F. crossref(new window)

10.
Shiu SC, Tsai JL. Characterizing thermal and mechanical properties of graphene/epoxy nanocomposites. Composites B, 56, 691 (2014). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2013.09.007. crossref(new window)

11.
Wang X, Jin J, Song M. An investigation of the mechanism of graphene toughening epoxy. Carbon, 65, 324 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2013.08.032. crossref(new window)

12.
Castelain M, Martinez G, Ellis G, Salavagione HJ. A versatile chemical tool for the preparation of conductive graphene-based polymer nanocomposites. Chem Commun, 49, 8967 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C3CC43729A. crossref(new window)

13.
Liang J, Huang Y, Zhang L, Wang Y, Ma Y, Guo T, Chen Y. Molecular-level dispersion of graphene into poly(vinyl alcohol) and effective reinforcement of their nanocomposites. Adv Funct Mater, 19, 2297 (2009). http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adfm.200801776 crossref(new window)

14.
Sanchez M, Campo M, Jimenez-Suarez A, Urena A. Effect of the carbon nanotube functionalization on flexural properties of multiscale carbon fiber/epoxy composites manufactured by VARIM. Composites B, 45, 1613 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compositesb.2012.09.063. crossref(new window)

15.
Lv S, Ma Y, Qiu C, Sun T, Liu J, Zhou Q. Effect of graphene oxide nanosheets of microstructure and mechanical properties of cement composites. Constr Build Mater, 49, 121 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.08.022. crossref(new window)

16.
Feng H, Wang X, Wu D. Fabrication of spirocyclic phosphazene epoxy-based nanocomposites with graphene via exfoliation of graphite platelets and thermal curing for enhancement of mechanical and conductive properties. Ind Eng Chem Res, 52, 10160 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ie400483x. crossref(new window)

17.
Wan YJ, Tang LC, Yan D, Zhao L, Li YB, Wu LB, Jiang JX, Lai GQ. Improved dispersion and interface in the graphene/epoxy composites via a facile surfactant-assisted process. Composites Sci Technol, 82, 60 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2013.04.009. crossref(new window)

18.
Li Z, Wang R, Young RJ, Deng L, Yang F, Hao L, Jiao W, Liu W. Control of the functionality of graphene oxide for its application in epoxy nanocomposites. Polymer, 54, 6437 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2013.09.054. crossref(new window)

19.
Kuilla T, Bhadra S, Yao D, Kim NH, Bose S, Lee JH. Recent advances in graphene based polymer composites. Prog Polym Sci, 35, 1350 (2010). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2010.07.005. crossref(new window)

20.
Tang LC, Wan YJ, Yan D, Pei YB, Zhao L, Li YB, Wu LB, Jiang JX, Lai GQ. The effect of graphene dispersion on the mechanical properties of graphene/epoxy composites. Carbon, 60, 16 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.carbon.2013.03.050. crossref(new window)

21.
Hummers WS, Jr., Offeman RE. Preparation of graphitic oxide. J Am Chem Soc, 80, 1339 (1958). http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ja01539a017. crossref(new window)

22.
Jiang T, Kuila T, Kim NH, Ku BC, Lee JH. Enhanced mechanical properties of silanized silica nanoparticle attached graphene oxide/epoxy composites. Composites Sci Technol, 79, 115 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2013.02.018. crossref(new window)

23.
Fang M, Zhang Z, Li J, Zhang H, Lu H, Yang Y. Constructing hierarchically structured interphases for strong and tough epoxy nanocomposites by amine-rich graphene surfaces. J Mater Chem, 20, 9635 (2010). http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/C0JM01620A. crossref(new window)

24.
Li Z, Young RJ, Wang R, Yang F, Hao L, Jiao W, Liu W. The role of functional groups on graphene oxide in epoxy nanocomposites. Polymer, 54, 5821 (2013). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2013.08.026. crossref(new window)

25.
Lim SR, Chow WS. Fracture toughness enhancement of epoxy by organo-montmorillonite. Polym Plast Technol Eng, 50, 182 (2011). http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03602559.2010.531427. crossref(new window)

26.
Shen J, Huang W, Wu L, Hu Y, Ye M. The reinforcement role of different amino-functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotubes in epoxy nanocomposites. Composites Sci Technol, 67, 3041 (2007). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compscitech.2007.04.025. crossref(new window)