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Modification of isotropic coal-tar pitch by acid treatments for carbon fiber melt-spinning
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  • Journal title : Carbon letters
  • Volume 15, Issue 4,  2014, pp.247-254
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • DOI : 10.5714/CL.2014.15.4.247
 Title & Authors
Modification of isotropic coal-tar pitch by acid treatments for carbon fiber melt-spinning
Yoo, Mi Jung; Ko, Hyo Jun; Lim, Yun-Soo; Kim, Myung-Soo;
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In this work, thermal treatment accompanied with different acid treatments was applied to a commercial coal tar pitch (CTP) to obtain a spinnable precursor pitch for carbon fiber. In the case of thermal treatment only, a relatively high reaction temperature of between and was required to obtain a softening point (SP) range of and many meso-phase particles were created during the application of high reaction temperature. When nitric acid or sulfuric acid treatment was conducted before the thermal treatment, the precursor pitch with a proper SP range could be obtained at reaction temperatures of , which were about lower than those for the case of thermal treatment only. With the acid treatments, the yield and SP of the precursor pitch increased dramatically and the formation of meso-phase was suppressed due to the lower reaction temperatures. Since the precursor pitches with acid and thermal treatment were not spinnable due to the inhomogeneity of properties such as molecular weight distribution and viscosity, the CTP was mixed with ethanol before the consecutive nitric acid and thermal treatments. The precursor pitches with ethanol, nitric acid, and thermal treatments were easily spinnable, and their spinning and carbon fiber properties were compared to those of air blowing and thermal treated CTP.
coal tar pitch;acid treatment;carbon fiber;melt-spinning;
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