Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Breakthrough behaviour of activated charcoal cloth samples against oxygen analogue of sulphur mustard
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Carbon letters
  • Volume 16, Issue 1,  2015, pp.19-24
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • DOI : 10.5714/CL.2015.16.1.019
 Title & Authors
Breakthrough behaviour of activated charcoal cloth samples against oxygen analogue of sulphur mustard
Prasad, G.K.; Kumar, J. Praveen; Ramacharyulu, P.V.R.K.; Singh, Beer;
  PDF(new window)
The breakthrough behaviour of activated charcoal cloth samples against an oxygen analogue (OA) of sulphur mustard has been studied using the modified Wheeler equation. Activated charcoal cloth samples having different surface area values in the range of 481 to were used for this purpose. Breakthrough behaviour was found to depend on the properties of the activated charcoal cloth, properties of the OA and the adsorption conditions. Activated charcoal cloth with a high surface area of , relatively large surface density of and coarser fiber structure exhibited better kinetic saturation capacity value, 0.19 g/g, against OA vapours when compared to others, thus confirming its potential use in foldable masks for protection against chemical warfare agents.
chemical warfare agents;sulphur mustard;oxygen analogue;breakthrough time;activated charcoal cloth;
 Cited by
adsorption by fluorinated graphene, Carbon letters, 2016, 20, 81  crossref(new windwow)
Szinicz L. History of chemical and biological warfare agents. Toxicology, 214, 167 (2005). crossref(new window)

Smith JW, Westreich P, Abdellatif H, Filbee-Dexter P, Smith AJ, Wood TE, Croll LM, Reynolds JH, Dahn JR. The investigation of copper-based impregnated activated carbons prepared from water-soluble materials for broad spectrum respirator applications. J Hazard Mater, 180, 419 (2010). crossref(new window)

Smith JW, Romero JV, Dahn TR, Dunphy K, Sullivan B, Mallay M, Croll LM, Reynolds JH, Andress C, Dahn JR. The effect of heating temperature and nitric acid treatments on the performance of Cu- and Zn-based broad spectrum respirator carbons. J Colloid Interface Sci, 364, 178 (2011). crossref(new window)

Long C, Li Y, Yu W, Li A. Removal of benzene and methyl ethyl ketone vapor: comparison of hypercrosslinked polymeric adsorbent with activated carbon. J Hazard Mater, 203-204, 251 (2012). crossref(new window)

Noyes WA. Military Problems with Aerosols and Non-Persistent Gases. Summary Technical Report of the National Defense Research Committee (NDRC). U. S. NDRC, 40 (1946).

Popescu M, Joly JP, Carre J, Danatoiu C. Dynamical adsorption and temperature-programmed desorption of VOCs (toluene, butyl acetate and butanol) on activated carbons. Carbon, 41, 739 (2003). crossref(new window)

Wood GO, Stampfer JF. Adsorption rate coefficients for gases and vapors on activated carbons. Carbon, 31, 195 (1993). crossref(new window)

Smisek M, Cerny S. Active Carbon: Manufacture, Properties and Applications, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1970).

Rehrmann JA, Jonas LA. Dependence of gas adsorption rates on carbon granule size and linear flow velocity. Carbon, 16, 47 (1978). crossref(new window)

Jonas LA, Rehrmann JA. The kinetics of adsorption of organophosphorus vapors from air mixtures by activated carbons. Carbon, 10, 657 (1972). crossref(new window)

Prasad GK, Mahato TH, Yadav SS, Singh B. Sulphur mus-tard vapor breakthrough behaviour on reactive carbon systems. J Hazard Mater, 143, 150 (2007). crossref(new window)

Singh B, Prasad GK, Mahato TH, Sekhar K. Breakthrough behavior of diethyl sulphide vapor on active carbon systems. J Hazard Mater, 139, 38 (2007). crossref(new window)

Prasad GK, Singh B. Breakthrough behavior of sulphur mustard vapor on whetlerite carbon. J Hazard Mater, 137, 277 (2006). crossref(new window)

Kaplan D, Nir I, Shmueli L. Effects of high relative humidity on the dynamic adsorption of dimethyl methylphosphonate (DMMP) on activated carbon. Carbon, 44, 3247 (2006). crossref(new window)

Boudou JP, Chehimi M, Broniek E, Siemieniewska T, Bimer J. Adsorption of $H_2S$ or $SO_2$ on an activated carbon cloth modified by ammonia treatment. Carbon, 41, 1999 (2003). crossref(new window)

Le Leuch LM, Subrenat A, Le Cloirec P. Hydrogen sulfide adsorption and oxidation onto activated carbon cloths: applications to odorous gaseous emission treatments. Langmuir, 19, 10869 (2003). crossref(new window)

Brown PN, Jayson GG, Thompson G, Wilkinson MC. Adsorption characteristics of impregnated activated charcoal cloth for hydrogen cyanide. J Colloid Interface Sci, 116, 211 (1987). crossref(new window)

Singh B, Madhusudhanan S, Dubey V, Nath R, Rao NBSN. Active carbon for removal of toxic chemicals from contaminated water. Carbon, 34, 327 (1996). crossref(new window)

Singh B, Bhise PP, Suryanarayana MVS, Yadav SS, Rao VK, Polke BG, Pandey D, Ganesan K, Rao NBSN. Silica gel detector tubes for toxic chemicals and their evaluation. J Sci Ind Res, 58, 25 (1999).

Suryanarayana MVS, Shrivastava RK, Pandey D, Vaidyanathaswamy R, Mahajan S, Bhoumik D. Simple time weighted average level air-monitoring method for sulfur mustard in work places. J Chromatogr A, 907, 229 (2001). crossref(new window)

Pradhan BK, Sandle NK. Effect of different oxidizing agent treatments on the surface properties of activated carbons. Carbon, 37, 1323 (1999). crossref(new window)