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Synthesis, characterization, and toxicity of multi-walled carbon nanotubes functionalized with 4-hydroxyquinazoline
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  • Journal title : Carbon letters
  • Volume 17, Issue 1,  2016, pp.45-52
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • DOI : 10.5714/CL.2016.17.1.045
 Title & Authors
Synthesis, characterization, and toxicity of multi-walled carbon nanotubes functionalized with 4-hydroxyquinazoline
Tahermansouri, Hasan; Mirosanloo, Atieh; Keshel, Saeed Heidari; Gardaneh, Mossa;
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The attachment of 2-aminobenzamide to carboxylated multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)-COOH was achieved through the formation of amide bonds. Then, the functionalized MWCNTs, MWCNT-amide, were treated by phosphoryl chloride to produce MWCNT-quin. The products were characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, derivative thermogravimetric, steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy, and solubility testing. MWCNT-quin showed photo-electronic properties, which is due to the attachment of the 4-hydroxyquinazoline groups to them as proved by steady-state fluorescence spectroscopy. This suggests intramolecular interactions between the tubes and the attached 4-hydroxyquinazoline. The toxicity of the samples was evaluated in human embryonic kidney HEK293 and human breast cancer SKBR3 cell lines, and the viable cell numbers were measured by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) after the cells were cultured for 24 h. Cellular investigations showed that the modified MWCNTs, particularly MWCNT-quin, have considerably significant toxic impact on SKBR3 as compared to HEK293 at the concentration of 5 µg/mL.
carbon nanotube;functionalization;MTT;4-hydroxyquinazoline;toxicity;
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