JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Characteristics of Flux Decline in Forward Osmosis Process for Asymmetric Cellulose Membrane
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
  • Journal title : Korean Chemical Engineering Research
  • Volume 52, Issue 3,  2014, pp.328-334
  • Publisher : The Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers
  • DOI : 10.9713/kcer.2014.52.3.328
 Title & Authors
Characteristics of Flux Decline in Forward Osmosis Process for Asymmetric Cellulose Membrane
Lee, Keun-Woo; Han, Myeong-Jin; Nam, Suk-Tae;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study examined the effect of concentration polarization on permeate flux in forward osmosis (FO) membrane process for saline and sucrose solution. The reduction in permeate flux during the FO membrane process is largely due to the formation of concentration polarization on membrane surfaces. The flux reduction due to internal concentration polarization formed on the porous support layer was larger than that due to the external concentration polarization on the active membrane surface. Water permeate flux through the FO membrane increased nonlinearly with the increase in osmotic pressure. The water permeability coefficient was for draw solution on active layer (DS-AL) mode and for draw solution on support layer (DS-SL) mode in NaCl solution system. The corresponding membrane resistance was and , respectively. With respect to the sucrose solution, the permeate flux for DS-AL mode was 1.33~1.90 times higher than that for DS-SL mode. The corresponding variation in the permeation flux (J) due to osmotic pressure () would be expressed as $J
 Keywords
Desalination;Forward Osmosis;Concentration Polarization;Flux Decline;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
친수성을 가지는 에틸셀룰로스-폴리에틸렌글리콜 가지형 고분자의 정삼투 복합막 지지층으로의 응용,유윤아;김진주;강효;이종찬;

Korean Chemical Engineering Research, 2016. vol.54. 4, pp.510-518 crossref(new window)
 References
1.
Clever, M., Jordt, F., Knauf, R., Rabiger, N., Rtidebusch, M. and Hilker, R., "Process Water Production from River Water by Ultrafiltration and Reverse Osmosis," Desalination, 131, 325-336(2000). crossref(new window)

2.
Kraume, M., Blacklow, U., Vocks, M. and Drews, A., "Nutrients Removal in MBRs for Municipal Waste Water Treatment," Wat. Sci. Tech., 51, 391-402(2005).

3.
Raluy, G., Serra, L. and Uche, J., "Life Cycle Assessment of MSF, MED and RO Desalination Technologies," Energy, 31, 2361-2372 (2006). crossref(new window)

4.
Madaeni, S. S., Rahimi, M. and Abolhasani, M., "Investigation of Cake Deposition on Various Parts of the Surface of Microfiltration Membrane Due to Fouling," Korean J. Chem. Eng., 27(1), 206-213(2010). crossref(new window)

5.
Cath, T. Y., Childress, A. E. and Elimelech, M., "Forward Osmosis: Principles, Applications and Recent Developments," J. Membr. Sci., 281, 70-87(2006). crossref(new window)

6.
Lee, S., Boo, C., Elimelech, M. and Hong, S., "Comparison of Fouling Behavior in Forward Osmosis (FO) and Reverse Osmosis (RO)," J. Membr. Sci., 365, 34-39(2010). crossref(new window)

7.
Phillip, W. A., Yong, J. S. and Elimelech, M., "Reverse Draw Solute Permeation in Forward Osmosis : Modeling and Experiments," Environ. Sci. Technol., 44, 5170-5176(2010). crossref(new window)

8.
Wang, R., Shi, L., Tang, C. Y., Chou, S., Qiu, C. and Fane, A. G., "Characterization of Novel Forward Osmosis Hollow Fiber Membranes," J. Membr. Sci., 355, 158-167(2010). crossref(new window)

9.
Kim, Y. et al., "Performance Evaluation of Absorbent Solution for Draw Solute Recovery in Forward Osmosis Desalination Process," Korean Chem. Eng. Res.(HWAHAK KONGHAK), 51(2), 240-244(2013). crossref(new window)

10.
McCutcheon, J. R., McGinnis, R. L. and Elimelech, M., "Desalination by Ammonia-carbon Dioxide Forward Osmosis: Influence of Draw and Feed Solution Concentrations on Process Performance," J. Membr. Sci., 278, 114-123(2006). crossref(new window)

11.
McCutcheon, J. R., McGinnis, R. L. and Elimelech, M., "A Novel Ammonia-carbon Dioxide Forward (direct) Osmosis Desalination Process," Desalination, 174, 1-11(2005). crossref(new window)

12.
Gray, G. T., McCutcheon, J. R. and Elimelech, M., "Internal Concentration Polarization in Forward Osmosis: Role of Membrane Orientation," Desalination, 197, 1-8(2006). crossref(new window)

13.
McCutcheon, J. R. and Elimelec, M., "Modeling Water Flux in Forward Osmosis: Implications for Improved Membrane Design," AIChE J., 53, 1736-1744(2007). crossref(new window)

14.
McCutcheon, J. R. and Elimelech, M., "Influence of Concentrative and Dilutive Internal Concentration Polarization on Flux Behavior in Forward Osmosis," J. Membr. Sci., 284, 237-247(2006). crossref(new window)

15.
Sablani, S. S., Goosen, M. F. A., Al-Belushi, R. and Wilf, M., "Concentration Polarization in Ultrafiltrationand Reverse Osmosis: A Critical Review," Desalination, 141, 269-289(2001). crossref(new window)

16.
Jin, X., She, Q., Ang, X. and Tang, C. Y., "Removal of Boron and Arsenic by Forward Osmosis Membrane: Influence of Membrane Orientation and Organic Fouling," J. Membr. Sci., 289, 182-187 (2012).

17.
Victor, M. M. L., "Mutual Diffusion Coefficients in Aqueous Electrolyte Solutions," Pure Appl. Chem., 65, 2631-2640(1993).

18.
Siedel, A., Waypa, J. J. and Elimelec, M., "Role of change(Donnan) Exclusion in Removal of Arsenic from Water by a Negatively Charged Porous Nanofiltration Membrane," Environ. Eng. Sci., 18, 5-113(2001).