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Optimization of Fermentation Conditions for the Production of Citric Acid by Aspergillus niger NRRL 567 Grown on Agricultural by Products
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  • Journal title : Korean Chemical Engineering Research
  • Volume 52, Issue 3,  2014, pp.402-406
  • Publisher : The Korean Institute of Chemical Engineers
  • DOI : 10.9713/kcer.2014.52.3.402
 Title & Authors
Optimization of Fermentation Conditions for the Production of Citric Acid by Aspergillus niger NRRL 567 Grown on Agricultural by Products
Kim, Jin-Woo;
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 Abstract
The present study was carried out to evaluate the potential of lignocellulosic byproducts for the production of citric acid through solid-state fermentation by Aspergillus niger NRRL 567. A sequential optimization based on one-factor-at-a-time method was applied to optimize fermentation conditions and media constituents. The results obtained from the optimization indicated that , 70% moisture content, 0.5~1.0 mm particle size, pH 5.5 and 4% methanol were found to be the optimum condition at 72 hr fermentation. The application the optimization resulted in an improvement of maximum citric acid production from 74.5 to 206.0 g/kg dry material (DM) from wheat straw. The optimal condition was used to produce citric acid from A. niger grown on different lignocellulosic byproducts, including wheat straw, corn stover and peat moss. A. niger produced the highest citric acid levels of 231.8, 213.8 and 240.2 g/kg DM at 120 hr fermentation, respectively.
 Keywords
Solid State Fermentation;Citric Acid;Rice Straw;Optimization;Agricultural by Products;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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