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Effects of Joaguihwan (JGH, 左歸丸) Extract on Changes of Anti-oxidation, Anti-inflammatory in RAW 264.7 Cells and on Factors Related with Bone Metabolism in Skull Fractured Rat
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 Title & Authors
Effects of Joaguihwan (JGH, 左歸丸) Extract on Changes of Anti-oxidation, Anti-inflammatory in RAW 264.7 Cells and on Factors Related with Bone Metabolism in Skull Fractured Rat
Li, Yu Chen; Oh, Min-seok;
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 Abstract
Objectives The study was designed to evaluate the healing effects of Joaguihwan (JGH) extract on Anti-oxidation, Anti-inflammatory in RAW 264.7 Cells and factors related with bone metabolism in skull fractured Rat. Methods The fracture healing effect of JGH was measured by scavenging activities of1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2`-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid (ABTS) and nitric oxide (NO) in RAW 264.7 cells. The inhibitory effect against the production of inflammatory mediators including interleukin- (IL-), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necosis factors- (TNF-) expression was inhibited in RAW 264.7 cells was experimented using JGH. The effects of JGH on healing fractured rats was measured by osteocalcin, calcitonin, CTXII, TGF-, BMP-2, Insulin, ALP in the serum. and was checked every 3 weeks from 0 week to 6week using x-ray. Results 1. DPPH free radica and ABTS scavenging activity of JGH were increased according to concentration of JGH in RAW 264.7 Cells. 2. In the experiment, NO, IL-, IL-6, TNF- all showed decrease, in general. Especially NO and IL- showed significantly decrease at a concentration of 10, 100 (). 3. In the production of osteocalcin in the serum, JGH 200, 400 mg/kg experimental group showed significant increased effect at 2 weeks. 4. In the production of calcitonin in the serum. JGH 200 mg/kg experimental group showed significant increased effect at 4, 6 weeks. JGH 400 mg/kg experimental group showed significant increased effect at 2, 4, 6 weeks. 5. In the production of CTX, TGF-, BMP-2 in the serum, experimental group showed increased effect. but no significant effect. 6. In the production of insulin in the serum. JGH 200, 400 mg/kg experimental group showed significant decrease effect at 2, 4, 6 weeks. 7. In the production of ALP in the serum. JGH 200 mg/kg experimental group showed significant increased effect at 2, 4, 6 weeks. JGH 400 mg/kg experimental group showed significant increased effect at 4, 6 weeks. 8. In the change of X-ray, the experimental group showed better healing effects on skull fractured rats than control group. Conclusions From above results, JGH showed healing effect on Anti-oxidation, Anti-inflammatory in RAW 264.7 Cells, factors related with bone metabolism in the serum of skull fractured rat and x-ray, which is expected to be applied in clinics.
 Keywords
Joaguihwan (JGH, 左歸丸);Skull Fracture;Bone Metabolism;RAW 264.7 cells;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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