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The Effect of Refractory Crucible on Microstructure of Duplex Stainless Steel Cast with Gadolinium during Air Induction Melting
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  • Journal title : Journal of Korea Foundry Society
  • Volume 35, Issue 5,  2015, pp.114-119
  • Publisher : The Korean Foundrymens Society
  • DOI : 10.7777/jkfs.2015.35.5.114
 Title & Authors
The Effect of Refractory Crucible on Microstructure of Duplex Stainless Steel Cast with Gadolinium during Air Induction Melting
Ahn, Ji-Ho; Lim, Jae-han; Moon, Byung-Moon;
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This paper reports the effect of a refractory crucible type on the microstructure of duplex stainless steel (DSS) cast with the addition of gadolinium using air-induction melting. Grade 4A DSSs with 1 wt% of gadolinium (Gd) were fabricated in various crucibles including alumina (), magnesia (MgO), calcia (CaO) coated with yttria () and graphite. The standard free energies of the formation of calcium and yttrium oxide were lower than those of gadolinium oxide and other crucible elements based oxide. The yield of Gd in DSS using , MgO, CaO-coated and graphite was 5, 19, 83 and 96%, respectively. As Gd yield increased, the amount of Gd-based inclusions increased, the size of the inclusions were reduced, and the inclusions became evenly distributed.
Duplex stainless steel;Gadolinium;Rare earth metal;Refractory crucible;Microstructure;
 Cited by
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