A Study on Rainfall Induced Slope Failures: Implications for Various Steep Slope Inclinations

- Journal title : Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
- Volume 17, Issue 5, 2016, pp.5-16
- Publisher : Korean Geo-Environmental Society
- DOI : 10.14481/jkges.2016.17.5.5

Title & Authors

A Study on Rainfall Induced Slope Failures: Implications for Various Steep Slope Inclinations

Do, Xuan Khanh; Jung, Kwansue; Lee, Giha; Regmi, Ram Krishna;

Do, Xuan Khanh; Jung, Kwansue; Lee, Giha; Regmi, Ram Krishna;

Abstract

A rainfall induced slope failure is a common natural hazard in mountainous areas worldwide. Sudden and rapid failures which have a high possibility of occurrence in a steep slope are always the most dangerous due to their suddenness and high velocities. Based on a series of experiments this study aimed to determine a critical angle which could be considered as an approximate threshold for a sudden failure. The experiments were performed using 0.42 mm mean grain size sand in a 200 cm long, 60 cm wide and 50 cm deep rectangular flume. A numerical model was created by integrating a 2D seepage flow model and a 2D slope stability analysis model to predict the failure surface and the time of occurrence. The results showed that, the failure mode for the entire material will be sudden for slopes greater than ; in contrast the failure mode becomes retrogressive. There is no clear link between the degree of saturation and the mode of failure. The simulation results in considering matric suction showed good matching with the results obtained from experiment. A subsequent discarding of the matric suction effect in calculating safety factors will result in a deeper predicted failure surface and an incorrect predicted time of occurrence.

Keywords

Slope failure;Landslide;Steep slope;Rainfall;Experimental;Numerical;

Language

English

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