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Effect of Halophilic Bacterium, Haloarcula vallismortis, Extract on UV-induced Skin Change
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 Title & Authors
Effect of Halophilic Bacterium, Haloarcula vallismortis, Extract on UV-induced Skin Change
Kim, Ji Hyung; Shin, Jae Young; Hwang, Seung Jin; Kim, Yun Sun; Kim, Yoo Mi; Gil, So Yeon; Jin, Mu Hyun; Lee, Sang Hwa;
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Skin carrys out protective role against harmful outer environment assaults including ultraviolet radiation, heavy metals and oxides. Especially, ultraviolet-B (UVB) light causes inflammatory reactions in skin such as sun burn and erythma and stimulates melanin pigmentation. Furthermore, the influx of UVB into skin cells causes DNA damage in keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts, inhibition of extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis which leads to a decrease in elasticity of skin and wrinkle formation. It also damages dermal connective tissue and disrupts the skin barrier function. Prolonged exposure of human skin to UVB light is well known to trigger severe skin lesions such as cell death and carcinogenesis. Haloarcula vallismortis is a halophilic microorganism isolated from the Dead Sea, Its growth characteristics have not been studied in detail yet. It generally grows at salinity more than 10%, but the actual growth salinity usually ranges between 20 to 25%. Because H. vallismortis is found mainly in saltern or salt lakes, there could exist defense mechanisms against strong sunlight. One of them is generation of additional ATP using halorhodopsin which absorbs photons and produces energy by potential difference formed by opening the chloride ion channel. It often shows a color of pink or red because of their high content of carotenoid pigments and it is considered to act as a defense mechanism against intense UV irradiation. In this study, the anti-inflammatory effect of the halophilic microorganism, H. vallismortis, extract was investigated. It was found that H. vallismortis extract had protective effect on DNA damage induced by UV irradiation. These results suggest that the extract of halophilic bacterium, H. vallismortis could be used as a bio-sunscreen or natural sunscreen which ameliorate the harmful effects of UV light with its anti-inflammatory and DNA protective properties.
ultraviolet B;Haloarcula vallismortis;DNA damage;anti-inflammatory;bio-sunscreen;
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노루궁뎅이버섯 균사체를 이용한 2 차 발효달팽이 추출물의 항노화 활성에 관한 연구,조춘구;이민희;

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