JOURNAL BROWSE
Search
Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Evaluation of Dietary Behavior among Elementary School Students in Seoul Area Using Nutrition Quotient for Children
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Evaluation of Dietary Behavior among Elementary School Students in Seoul Area Using Nutrition Quotient for Children
Lim, Ji Ye; Kim, Jung Hyun; Min, Sung Hee; Lee, Myung Hee; Lee, Min June;
  PDF(new window)
 Abstract
This study investigated the food behavior and nutritional status of children using the Nutrition Quotient (NQ). The subjects for this study were 974 students and their parents who lived in Seocho-gu, Gwanak-gu, and Dongjak-gu, Seoul. The average NQ score of the subjects was 68.3, which was a medium grade. The mean scores for balance and moderation were above the thresholds, whereas the mean scores for diversity, regularity, and practice did not reach the thresholds. According to the results of evaluation by NQ, the subjects may have insufficient intake of calcium, iron, potassium, zinc, vitamin A, and vitamin C. NQ and NQ factors were different according to the general characteristics and home background characteristics of the subjects. The mean scores for the moderation factor was significantly lower as the eating out frequency increased (p<0.001). The mean scores for balance, moderation, and regularity factors were significantly higher, with higher parents educational level. It is necessary to choose diverse side dishes, vegetables and also foods with balanced nutrition when eating out.
 Keywords
children;Nutrition Quotient (NQ);intake frequency;food behavior;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Comparison of Nutritional Status and Eating Behavior of Korean and Chinese Children using the Nutrition Quotient (NQ), Korean Journal of Community Nutrition, 2017, 22, 1, 22  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Evaluation of Dietary Behavior of Infants and Toddlers in Ganghwa County by Using Nutrition Quotient (NQ), Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 2017, 27, 1, 17  crossref(new windwow)
 References
1.
Arcan C, Neumark-Sztainer D, Hannan P, van den Berg P, Story M, Larson N. 2007. Parental eating behaviors, home food environment and adolescent intakes of fruit, vegetables and dairy foods: Longitudinal findings from project EAT. Public Health Nutr 10(11):1257-1265

2.
Choi YJ, Min HS. 2009. Comparison of children's body weights and eating habits by maternal parenting attitudes perceived by children. Korean J Community Nutr 14(1):77-86

3.
Jang HB, Park JY, Lee HJ, Kang JH, Park KH, Song JH. 2011. Association between parental socioeconomic level, overweight, and eating habits with diet quality in Korean sixth grade school children. Korean J Nutr 44(5):416-427 crossref(new window)

4.
Jeong NY, Kim KW. 2009. Nutrition knowledge and eating behaviors of elementary school children in Seoul. Korean J Community Nutr 14(1):55-66

5.
Jo AR, Khil JM. 2010. Relationship of TV watching, internet usage and dietary habits of elementary school children in Gwangju and Jeonnam area. Korean J Food Culture 25(2): 160-169

6.
Jung SY. 2010. A study on relationship between the mother's nutrition knowledge and dietary behavior and unbalanced diet of elementary school students. Master's thesis. Kyunghee University, Seoul, Korea. pp 21-25

7.
Kang MH, Lee JS, Kim HY, Kwon S, Choi YS, Chung HR, Kwak TK, Cho YH. 2012. Selecting items of a food behavior checklist for the development of nutrition quotient (NQ) for children. Korean J Nutr 45(4):372-389 crossref(new window)

8.
Kim BH, Sung MY, Lee YN. 2011. Comparison of the nutrient intakes by the score of dietary action guides for Korean children among the elementary school students in Gwangju city. Korean J Community Nutr 16(4):411-425 crossref(new window)

9.
Kim HS. 2007. The effect of character types and social psychological factors of middle school students on eating habits. Master's thesis. Yongin University, Youngin, Korea. pp 26-48

10.
Kim HY, Kwon S, Lee JS, Choi YS, Chung HR, Kwak TK, Park J, Kang MH. 2012. Development of a nutrition quotient (NQ) equation modeling for children and the evaluation of its construct validity. Korean J Nutr 45(4):390-399 crossref(new window)

11.
Kim KH. 2010. Food habits, eating behaviors and food frequency by gender and among Seoul and other regions in uppergrade elementary school children. Korean J Community Nutr 15(2):180-190

12.
Kim MJ. 2011. Exploration of maternal parenting and childfeeding style dimensions perceived by elementary schoolers and middle schoolers and correlation between maternal parenting dimensions and child's food behaviors. J Korean Soc Food Sci Nutr 40(4):544-556 crossref(new window)

13.
Kim SA, Lee BH. 2008. Relationships between the nutrient intake status, dietary habits, academic stress and academic achievement in the elementary school children in Bucheon-si. Korean J Nutr 41(8):786-796

14.
Lee HS, Jeong WS, Park UI. 2003. The dietary behavior of obese and normal weight elementary school children with maternal guideline for their dietary behavior. Korean J Community Nutr 8(6):831-839

15.
Lee KA. 2004. Effect of mother's nutritional attitudes and knowledge on their children's obesity inducing factors. J Nutr 37(6):464-478

16.
Lee SJ, Kim Y. 2013. Evaluation of the diet and nutritional states of elementary and middle school students in the Daegu area by using nutrition quotient for children. J Nutr Health 46(5):440-446 crossref(new window)

17.
Ministry of Health & Welfare. 2015. Korea centers for disease control & prevention. 2014 Korea Health Statistics: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI-2). Available from https://knhanes.cdc.go.kr Accessed January 14, 2016

18.
Oh SH, Hyun WJ, Lee HM, Park HR, Lim HJ, Song KH. 2010. A study on the stress and the dietary habits of elementary school children by mother's employment status. Korean J Community Nutr 15(4):498-506

19.
Park NS, Jeon YS, Kim YN, Cho KD, Baek OH, Lee BH. 2009. Comparative study on eating habits, dietary intake patterns, and nutrient intakes between elementary school children with and without atopic dermatitis. J Korean Soc Food Scie Nutr 38(11):1543-1560 crossref(new window)

20.
Pearson N, Timperio A, Salmon J, Crawford D, Biddle SJ. 2009. Family influences on children's physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumptio n. Int J Behav Nutr Physical Activity 6(1):34 crossref(new window)

21.
Shim E, Kim JS, Ji SM, Sohn TY, Hwang J, Chung EJ. 2010. The Effects of a nutrition and body shape education program as part of health promoting projects in an elementary school. Korean J Nutr 43(4):382-394 crossref(new window)

22.
Shin EK, Kim SY, Lee S, Bae IY, Lee HG. 2008. Fast food consumption patterns and eating habits of 6th grade elementary school children in Seoul. J East Asian Soc Diet Life 8(5):662-674

23.
Yoo JS, Choi YS. 2013. Evaluation of items for the food behavior checklist and nutrition quotient score on children in rural areas of Gyeongbuk. J Nutr Health 46(5):427-439 crossref(new window)

24.
You JS, Kim SM, Chang KJ. 2009. Nutritional knowledge and dietary behavior of the 6th grade elementary school students in Daejeon area by gender and skipping breakfast. Korean J Nutr 41(8):786-796