Advanced SearchSearch Tips
Nutrition Knowledge, Dietary Attitude, and Dietary Behavior Related to Salt According to the Dietary Lifestyle Groups
facebook(new window)  Pirnt(new window) E-mail(new window) Excel Download
 Title & Authors
Nutrition Knowledge, Dietary Attitude, and Dietary Behavior Related to Salt According to the Dietary Lifestyle Groups
Yoon, Hei-Ryeo; Kang, Nam-E; Kim, Juhyeon;
  PDF(new window)
Purpose: In this study, we comparatively investigated the nutrition knowledge, dietary attitude, and dietary behavior related to salt according to the types of dietary life style for differences between the groups. Methods: The survey was conducted between May 1 to July 31, 2014 among 500 adults aged >19 years in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do and Chungcheong-do areas. Results: Factor analysis of the dietary life style, indicated 4 factors including food convenience factor, food information emphasis factor, behavior factor of pursing food taste, and food purchase standard factor, which were classified into 3 groups according to differentiated dietary life style types; group 1 emphasized convenience and diversity of food, and price sensitiveness. and included subjects who had low interest in health and nutrition and were less likely to take care of their health through regular exercise,; group 2 emphasized food ingredients, food additives, usage and food purchase standards. and included subjects who were more likely to take care of their health through exercise and showed lower intake of fast food and less cases of eating out.; and group 3 showed relatively higher tendency toward dietary life style factors than the other two groups. The level of nutrition knowledge in sodium intake differed according to dietary life styles, and showed a significant difference in the dietary practice of sodium intake. Conclusion: Nutrition education on the healthy dietary habit of reducing sodium intake be based on ge and gender. In addition, an effort is required to improve behavior, interest, and attitude according to the important tendencies of the dietary life style.
dietary lifestyle;nutrition knowledge;dietary attitude;dietary behavior;
 Cited by
Ahn JH, Hur WM. 2008. Study on female's food-related lifestyles among the mature, baby boomers, and the generation X. J Mark Stud 16(4):81-104.

Bog HJ, Jeon HK. 2014. Dietary behaviors on Yaksun foods by dietary life style type in women. Korean J Food Cook Sci 30(6):735-745. crossref(new window)

Brobeck E, Bergh H, Odencrants S, Hildingh C. 2015. Lifestyle advice and lifestyle change to what degree does lifestyle advice of healthcare professionals reach the population, focusing on gender, age and education? Scand J Caring Sci 29(1):118-125. crossref(new window)

Chobanian AV, Hill M. 2000. National heart, lung, and blood institute workshop on sodium and blood pressure: A critical review of current scientific evidence. Hypertens 35(4):858-863. crossref(new window)

Chung HR. 2002. Policy approaches to reduce sodium intake of the public. Korean J Community Nutr 7(3):405-409.

Farhud DD. 2015. Impact of lifestyle on health. Iran J Public Health 44(11):1442-1444.

Fonseca-Alaniz MH, Brito LC, Borges-Silva CN, Takada J, Andreotti S, Lima FB. 2007. High dietary sodium intake increases white adipose tissue mass and plasma leptin in rats. Obes 15(9):2200-2208. crossref(new window)

Hong WS, Kwon YS, Kwon YM, Yoo HK. 2011. Content analysis of dietary lifestyle-related research articles from 1990 to 2009. J Korean Home Econ Assoc 49(2):13-26.

Grunert KG, Perrea T, Zhou Y, Huang G, Sorensen BT, Krystallis A. 2011. Is food-related lifestyle (FRL) able to reveal food consumption patters in non-western cultural environments? Its adaptation and application in urban China. Appetite 56(2):357-367. crossref(new window)

Grunert KG, Wills J, Celemin LF, Lahteenmaki L, Scholderer J, genannt Bonsmann SS. 2012. Socio-demographic and attitudinal determinants of nutrition knowledge of food shoppers in six European countries. Food Qual Pref 26(2):166-177. crossref(new window)

Jiang L, Jung YY, Kim HS, Nam GS, Yun JS, Kimg JW, Lee YK. 2015. A comparison of salty taste assessment, dietary attitude and dietary behavior among adult and senior women by region and by age in Korea. Korean J Community Nutr 20(2):109-119. crossref(new window)

Karelis AD, St-Pierre DH, Conus F, Rabasa-Lhoret R, Poehlman ET. 2004. Metabolic and body composition factors in subgroups of obesity: What do we know? J Clin Endocrinol Metab 89(6):2569-2575. crossref(new window)

Kim HH, Jung YY, Lee YK. 2012. A comparison of salty taste assessments and dietary attitudes and dietary behaviors associated with high-salt diets in four regions in Korea. Korean J Community Nutr 17(1):38-48. crossref(new window)

Kim HY, Kim JH. 2014. Effects of dietary education on low sodium diet adaptation. Korean J Food Culture 29(2):212-221. crossref(new window)

Knudsen VK, Matthiessen J, Biltoft-Jensen A, Sorensen MR, Groth MV, Trolle E, Christensen T, Fagt S. 2014. Identifying dietary patterns and associated health-related lifestyle factors in the adult Danish population. Eur J Clin Nutr 68(6):736-740. crossref(new window)

Korea Food and Drug Administration. 2010. Report of recognition of Na for customers. Available from: Accessed February 11, 2016.

Lallukka T, Laaksonen M, Rahkonen O, Roos E, Lahelma E. 2007. Multiple socio-economic circumstances and healthy food habits. Eur J Clin Nutr 61(6):701-710. crossref(new window)

Lee IO. 2012. A study on consumer nutrition attitude and food preference according to the married women food-related Lifestyle. Doctorate dissertation. Kyonggi University, Seoul, Korea. pp 65-103.

Neeland IJ, Turer AT, Ayers CR, Powell-Wiley TM, Vega GL, Farzaneh-Far R, Grundy SM, Khera A, McGuire DK, de Lemos JA. 2012. Dysfunctional adiposity and the risk of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes in obese adults. JAMA 308(11):1150-1159. crossref(new window)

Park YS, Son SM, Lim WJ, Kim SB, Chung YS. 2008. Comparison of dietary behaviors related to sodium intake by gender and age. Korean J Community Nutr 13(1):1-12.

Park B, Shin A, Park SK, Ko KP, Ma SH, Lee EH, Gwack J, Jung EJ, Cho LY, Yang JJ, Yoo KY. 2011. Ecological study for refrigerator use, salt, vegetable, and fruit intakes, and gastric cancer. Cancer Causes Control 22(11):1497-1502. crossref(new window)

Perron M, Endres J. 1985. Knowledge, attitudes, and dietary practices of female athletes. J Am Diet Assoc 85(5):573-576.

Rho JO, Kim HA. 2013. A study on the knowledge, dietary behavior related to sodium, attitudes towards a low-salt diet of adults in the Jeonbuk area. Korean J Hum Ecol 22(4):693-705. crossref(new window)

Sarmugam R, Worsley A, Wang W. 2013. An examination of the mediating role of salt knowledge and beliefs on the relationship between socio-demographic factors and discretionary salt use: A cross-sectional study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 10(1):25-33. crossref(new window)

Schmidt M. 2012. Predictors of self-rated health and lifestyle behaviours in Swedish university students. Glob J Health Sci 4(4):1-14.

Svensson O, Hallberg LR. 2011. Hunting for health, will-being, and quality of life. Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being 6(2):1-5.

Sul HK, Lee SH, Jun JK. 2007. An exploratory study on dietary behavior in lifestyle. J Foodserv Manag 10(2):267-284.

Um EK. 2015. A study on the segmentation of food related lifestyle within Korean family. J Hotel Resort 14(3):247-265.

Von Bothmer MI, Fridlund B. 2005. Gender differences in health habits and in motivation for a healthy lifestyle among Swedish university students. Nurs Health Sci 7(2):107-118. crossref(new window)

World Health Organization. 2000. Obesity: Preventing and managing the global epidemic. Report of a WHO consultation. Available from: Accessed February 2, 2016.

World Health Organization. 2001. Services for prevention and management of genetic disorders and birth defect in developing countries (Farhud DD. As committee member) (WHO/HGN/WAOPB-D/99.1). Available from: Accessed February 5, 2016.

World Health Organization. 2003. Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases: Report of a joint WHO/FAO expert consultation. Available from: Accessed February 11, 2016.

World Health Organization. 2004. The WHO cross-national study of health behavior in school aged children from 35 countries: Findings from 2001-2002. J Sch Health 74(6):204-206. crossref(new window)

Yoon YS, Oh SW. 2013. Sodium density and obesity; The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2007-2010. Eur J Clin Nutr 67(2):141-146. crossref(new window)