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A Study on Domestic Consumers` Needs and Importance-Performance Analysis of Selective Attributes for Developing Home Meal Replacement (HMR) Products
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 Title & Authors
A Study on Domestic Consumers` Needs and Importance-Performance Analysis of Selective Attributes for Developing Home Meal Replacement (HMR) Products
Park, Sung-Bae; Lee, Hyun-Jun; Kim, Hae Young; Hwang, Hye-Sun; Park, Dae-Sub; Hong, Wan-Soo;
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 Abstract
Purpose: This study conducted an Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) of selective attributes of Home Meal Replacement (HMR) as well as it examined the consumers` needs and willingness to buy HMR products to explore the need for developing more HMR products. Methods: This study was conducted among domestic consumers living in Seoul and its metropolitan areas, in the age range from the 20s to the 50s, and who had experience in purchasing HMR products. From the 490 surveys retrieved, 472 (96.3%) valid surveys were analyzed. Results: The analysis of the frequency of consuming HMR products showed the following results: 247 respondents answered `1-3 times a month` (52.3%); 167 respondents stated `1-2 times a week` (35.3%). With respect to the reason of purchase, `simplicity of the recipe` was the most common, accounting for 188 respondents (39.8%), followed by `time efficiency` accounting for 172 respondents (36.4%). Analysis of the demand for bibimbap (mixed rice) HMR products showed that `chicken bibimbap` had the highest preference with 5.32 points, followed by `bulgogi bibimbap` (5.08 points), and `kimchi bibimbap` (4.96 points). In the case of HMR products that need to undergo further development, `low-sodium products` received the highest points of 5.41 points, followed by `small packaged products` (5.05 points), and `functional products` (4.98 points). The factor analysis of the 13 selective attributes showed that they can be divided into 3 factors. The IPA analysis of the selective attributes of HMRs showed `hygiene`, `taste`, `easy to go packaging`, `convenience in intake`, and `accessibility` in the 1st quadrant. In the 2nd quadrant, `price` and `freshness` were shown as the factors. In the 3rd quadrant, `easy to serve`, `familiar food menu`, and `consistent menu` were shown as the leading factors, and in the 4th quadrant, `saving labor` was the only factor. Conclusion: Based on these results, the research concludes that with respect to developing HMR products, there is a high demand for low sodium, low calorie, small packaged products; thus, showing the need to develop various HMR products for customer satisfaction. Furthermore, it shows that there is a need to consider developing HMR products that can maintain freshness at an affordable price.
 Keywords
Home Meal Replacement (HMR);selective attribute;importance;performance;Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA);
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
1.
Survey on the Status and Needs of Korean Food Consumption for the Development of Home Meal Replacement for Chinese and Japanese, Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life, 2017, 27, 4, 420  crossref(new windwow)
2.
Commercialization Strategy Based on Analysis of Domestic Consumers’ Preference and Awareness on South and North Korean Regional Cuisine : Research on Consumers in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province, Korean Journal of Food & Cookery Science, 2016, 32, 6, 734  crossref(new windwow)
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