The Study on Surface Fire Spread in Fuel Bed

• Journal title : Fire Science and Engineering
• Volume 28, Issue 6,  2014, pp.22-27
• Publisher : Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
• DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2014.28.6.022
Title & Authors
The Study on Surface Fire Spread in Fuel Bed
Kim, Jeong-Hun; Kim, Eung-Sik; Kim, Dong-Hyun; Kim, Jang-Whan;

Abstract
In this study a Fuel bed where surface fire spreads through is made to measure the data such as the flame height, radiation, spread rate and temperature distribution of Fuel bed. As experimental variables species of trees, wind velocities and slop are chosen. Fallen leaves of Quercus Variabilis (Q.V.) and Pinus Densiflora (P.D.) are used as fuel. Wind velocity is controlled by simply designed wind turnnel from 1 to 5 m/s. Slope of fuel bed is changed from $\small{0^{\circ}}$ to $\small{30^{\circ}}$. For the measurements of temperature distribution and spread rate total 35 of K-type 1.6 mm thermocouples are positioned as a lattice design. Radiant heat flow meters are used besides video camera and thermovision camera.
Keywords
Language
Korean
Cited by
References
1.
S. Y. Lee and J. E. Kim, "A Study on Meteorological Elements Effecting on Large-scale Forest Fire during Spring Time in Gangwon Young-dong Region", Journal of the Korea Society of Hazard Mitigation, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 37-43 (2011).

2.
D. H. Kim, "Analysis of the Effect Factors Cause by a Scale of Forest Fire Damaged Area", Journal of Korean Forest Society, Vol. 2004, pp. 178-180 (2004).

3.
C. Chandler, P. Cherey, P. Thomas, L. Traland and D. Williams, "Fire in Forestry Volume II. - Forest Fire Management and Organization", A Willey-Interscience Publication, pp. 298 (1983).

4.
J. Roads, F. Fujioka, S. Chen and R. Burgan, "Seasonal Fire Danger Forecasts for the USA", International Journal of Wildland Fire, Vol. 14, pp. 1-18 (2005).

5.
H. J. Park, E. S. Kim, J. H. Kim and D. H. Kim, "A Combustion Characteristic Analysis of Quercus variabilis and Pinus densiflora Fallen Leaves Using Radiation Heat Flux", Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science & Engineering Conference, Vol. 21, No. 3, pp. 44-46 (2007).

6.
J. H. Kim, E. S. Kim, M. B. Lee, D. H. Kim and H. J. Park, "A Study of Calorie Analysis Methods about Surface Fire Fuel", Journal of Korean Institute of Fire Science & Engineering, Vol. 22, No. 3, pp. 258-264 (2008).

7.
J. L. Dupuym, J. Marechal and D. Morvan, "Fires from a Cylindrical Forest Fuel Burner : Combustion Dynamics and Flame Properities", Combustion and Flame, pp. 65-76 (2003).