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Comparison of Egress Modeling and Experiments for Flow Rate in the Bottleneck
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  • Journal title : Fire Science and Engineering
  • Volume 28, Issue 6,  2014, pp.35-40
  • Publisher : Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering
  • DOI : 10.7731/KIFSE.2014.28.6.035
 Title & Authors
Comparison of Egress Modeling and Experiments for Flow Rate in the Bottleneck
Hwang, Eun-Kyoung; Woo, Sujin; Kim, Jong-Hoon; Kim, Woon-Hyung;
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 Abstract
Bottleneck occurs as many people crowd into narrow doorway or corridor. Delaying egress time is occurred by bottleneck effect, and it is very important phenomenon on the egress analysis for building fire. An analysis of egress time should includes flow rate for considering bottleneck. Flow rate is numbers of people who pass the narrow gate as door or start point of corridor per unit length and unit time. The flow rate resulted from egress modeling should be approached to the result of experiments. In this study, flow rates from modeling by 'Pathfinder' and experiments was compared. The difference between the result from egress modeling and the one from experiments was verified. The average value of experiments is , and the maximum average value of modeling is .
 Keywords
Flow rate;Egress experiment;Egress modeling;Comparison;Validation;
 Language
Korean
 Cited by
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